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IgE enhances antibody responses and T cell activation in vivo: A central role for B cells
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92213OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92213DiVA: diva2:165204
Available from: 2004-12-20 Created: 2004-12-20 Last updated: 2011-06-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Antibody Feedback Regulation: From Epitope Masking to T Helper Cell Activation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antibody Feedback Regulation: From Epitope Masking to T Helper Cell Activation
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Antibodies have the ability to influence the antibody response against the very antigen they are specific for, in a process called antibody feedback regulation. Depending on the nature of the antigen, the antibody response can be either enhanced or almost completely inhibited. This thesis focuses on the underlying mechanisms of antibody feedback regulation in vivo.

Antigen-specific IgG can inhibit the antibody response to a particulate antigen. Based on its ability to inhibit B cell activation, the inhibitory FcγRIIB (low affinity receptor for IgG) has been suggested to be involved. Here we show that although FcγRIIB is required for efficient suppression in vitro, it is not required in vivo. Therefore, even though FcγRIIB can inhibit antibody responses, other mechanisms (such as epitope masking and enhanced antigen clearance) play a more dominant role in vivo.

The antibody response to soluble antigen is greatly enhanced when it is introduced to the immune system in complex with antigen-specific IgG or IgE. We found that FcγRIIB attenuates the magnitude of IgG-mediated enhancement. In mice lacking FcγRIIB, IgG enhanced the antibody response much more efficiently than in normal mice.

Since B cells require CD4+ T cell help in order to become antibody-producing cells, we examined the CD4+ T cell response to immune complexes in vivo. Using an adoptive transfer strategy with transgenic ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD4+T cells, we could show that the enhanced OVA-specific IgG response to IgG2a/OVA and IgE/OVA complexes was preceded by a potent OVA-specific CD4+ T cell response. IgG2a-mediated enhancement was dependent on activating Fcγ receptors, whereas IgE-mediated enhancement was dependent on CD23, the low affinity receptor for IgE. We identified CD23+ B cells as the responsible effector cells for IgE-mediated enhancement in vivo. Taken together, these results show that Fc receptor-mediated antigen presentation is a major mechanism underlying antibody feedback enhancement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2004. 53 p.
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 1377
Immunology, Immune regulation, B cells, T cells, Antibodies, Fc Receptors, Antigen presentation, Transgenic/Knockout Mice, Immunologi
National Category
Immunology in the medical area
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4580 (URN)91-554-6055-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-01-14, Rudbecksalen, Rudbeck Laboratory, Dag Hammerskjöldsväg 20, Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2004-12-20 Created: 2004-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Heyman, Birgitta
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Department of Genetics and PathologyDepartment of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology

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