Moving front or population expansion: How did Picea abies (L.) Karst. become frequent in central Sweden?
2005 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, Vol. 24, no 23-24, 2495-2509 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Holocene increase in Picea abies around four central Swedish lakes was analysed using extended pollen counts over the sections comprising the tail of frequent, but discontinuous, occurrences and the beginning of the continuous curve. Simple landscape scenarios were simulated to test possible mechanisms of the spread and population expansion of P. abies in Scandinavia. Predicted patterns of pollen accumulation rates from the landscape scenarios were compared to patterns observed at the four sites to explore how the observed curves could have come about. Simulations of a moving front scenario indicate that pollen accumulation rates should rise faster than the exponential and logistic increase observed at the four sites. Exponential increase of pollen values at the sites is most likely due to locally increasing populations. However, the geography of expanding populations may influence the shape of the curve. Empirical and model results are discussed to gain new insights into the pattern and processes of the spread of P abies in central Sweden. Propagule pressure and self-fertilisation are considered as possible explanations of why small outpost populations that may have existed before the regional expansion of P. abies did not expand earlier.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 24, no 23-24, 2495-2509 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92263DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.03.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92263DiVA: diva2:165273