The effect of grazing and nutrient supply on periphyton associated bacteria
2006 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, ISSN 0168-6496, Vol. 52, no 1, 31-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effects of nutrient additions and grazing by macro-invertebrates on periphyton-associated algae and bacteria were studied by performing an enclosure experiment on three occasions from early spring to summer at mesotrophic Lake Erken and Väddö, at the Swedish Baltic coast. There were significant interactions between nutrient additions and grazing on bacterial biomass and specific activity in Lake Erken. Thus, the importance of either bottom-up or top-down effects could not be singled out. Bacterial biomass increased with enrichment only in the absence of grazers. Grazer presence tended to increase bacterial biomass in ambient nutrient conditions, but to decrease bacterial biomass under enrichment. For specific activity the positive response to enrichment was restricted to grazer presence. Hence, grazing by macro-invertebrates may have an indirect positive effect on bacterial activity by enhancing nutrient conditions through their feeding activities and/or fecal pellets production. In addition, we found a significant relationship between bacterial production and chlorophyll a at both sites. This relationship weakened in the presence of macro-invertebrates. Thus, the importance of internal nutrient regeneration by bacteria and algae decreased, possibly due to increased nutrient availability, in the presence of macro-invertebrate grazers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 52, no 1, 31-41 p.
Periphyton, Bacterium, Nutrient regeneration, Grazing, Metabolically active bacterium, Cell-specific activity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92276DOI: 10.1016/j.femsec.2004.10.003PubMedID: 16329890OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92276DiVA: diva2:165290