Impact of conical tungsten projectiles on flat silicon carbide targets: Transition from interface defeat to penetration
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Impact Engineering, ISSN 0734-743X, Vol. 32, no 11, 1842-1856 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Normal impact of conical tungsten projectiles on flat silicon carbide targets was studied experimentally and numerically for half apex angles 5° and 5–15°, respectively, and comparisons were made with cylindrical projectiles. A 30 mm powder gun and two 150 kV and four 450 kV X-ray flashes were used in the impact tests. The numerical simulations were run with the Autodyn code in two steps. In the first, the surface loads were determined for different impact velocities under assumed condition of interface defeat. In the second, these surface loads were applied to the targets in order to obtain critical states of damage and failure related to the transition between interface defeat and penetration, and the corresponding critical velocities. In the impact tests, interface defeat occurred below a transition velocity, which was significantly lower for the conical than for the cylindrical projectiles. Above the transition velocity, the initial penetration of conical projectiles differed markedly from that usually observed for cylindrical projectiles. It occurred along a cone-shaped surface crack, qualitatively corresponding to surface failure observed in the simulations. The transition velocity for the conical projectile was found to be close to the critical velocity associated with this surface failure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 32, no 11, 1842-1856 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92322DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.04.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92322DiVA: diva2:165352