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A hollow fiber model for in vitro studies of cytotoxic compounds: Activity of the cyanoguanidine CHS 828
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology, Molecular and Morphological Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Oncology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Division of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy. (Farmakometri)
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2001 (English)In: Anti-Cancer Drugs, ISSN 0959-4973, E-ISSN 1473-5741, Vol. 12, no 1, 33-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hollow fiber assay is currently used as an in vivo model for anticancer drug screening in nude mice, but it can also be used as an in vitro model. In the current study, an in vitro hollow fiber model was used to study the effect and mode of induced cell death of a new cyanoguanidine, CHS 828. Human leukemia, adenocarcinoma and lymphoma cell lines as well as primary cultures of human tumor cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and ovarian cancer (OC) and normal human lymphocytes were cultured in semipermeable hollow fibers. The fibers were incubated for 3 or 14 days prior to CHS 828 exposure for 72 h, followed by determination of living cell density by MTT staining. For cell morphology, using harvested cultures on cytospin slides had technical advantages compared to using paraffin sections of the formalin-fixed fibers. CHS 828 showed higher antitumor activity on CLL and normal human lymphocyte cultures compared to OC cultures, and cell lines cultured 3 days were more sensitive than those cultured 14 days. Morphological examination of CHS 828-treated cultures revealed a mixture of apoptosis and necrosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 12, no 1, 33-42 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92448PubMedID: 11272284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92448DiVA: diva2:165528
Available from: 2004-11-24 Created: 2004-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Methods for Preclinical Evaluation of Cytotoxic Drugs: With Special Reference to the Cyanoguanidine CHS 828 and Hollow Fiber Method
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods for Preclinical Evaluation of Cytotoxic Drugs: With Special Reference to the Cyanoguanidine CHS 828 and Hollow Fiber Method
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The novel cyanoguanidine CHS 828 has shown promising antitumor activity in many in vitro and in vivo studies.

The long-term 14 days in vitro hollow fiber cultures, where tumor cells from different tumor cell lines were cultured inside semipermeable fibers, were more resistant to CHS 828 and other cytotoxic drugs than the shorter-term 3 days cultures. CHS 828 was generally more effective against haematological than solid tumor cells from both cell lines and patients samples.

In vivo, the hollow fibers were implanted into immunocompetent rats and the pharmacokinetics, tumor response and/or toxicity (pharmacodynamics) of CHS 828 were successfully assayed. CHS 828 showed higher activity in this model when a more protracted schedule was used. The quantitative relationships between dose, plasma concentration and response (PK/PD model) developed for CHS 828 explained this phenomenon partly by dose-dependent fraction absorbed and partly by a schedule-dependent pharmacodynamic effect.

Modelling of the in vitro CHS 828 and standard cytotoxic drugs concentration-time effect data in different tumor cell types and characterization of pattern of change of the potency and the slope of the concentration-time effect curves were performed. The results suggest two different mechanisms of action for CHS 828 and that CHS 828 cytotoxicity may depend on the schedule used.

The NF-kB pathway that regulates the transcription of anti-apoptotic genes proved to be inhibited by CHS 828 in different tumor cell lines and the inhibition was correlated to the cell death induced by this agent. CHS 828 did not seem to induce the NF-kB inhibition by affecting the proteasome activity.

The in vitro and in vivo hollow fiber methods were also used successfully to evaluate the new paclitaxel formulation, Pacliex. Pacliex had a similar activity to that of the clinically used formulation Taxol®.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2004. 48 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 1395
Keyword
Pharmacology, CHS 828, in vitro, in vivo, hollow fiber, models, NF-kB, Farmakologi
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4696 (URN)91-554-6113-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-12-16, Rudbecsalen, Rudbeck laboratory, SE-751 85, Uppsala, 09:15
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Supervisors
Available from: 2004-11-24 Created: 2004-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, Mats O.

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