Radionuclide Imaging of Miniaturized Chemical Analysis Systems
2004 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 76, no 23, 7102-7108 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We propose radionuclide imaging as a valuable tool for the study of molecular interactions in miniaturized systems for chemical analysis. Sensitive and quantitative imaging can be performed with compounds labeled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides, such as C-11 and Ga-68, within selected parts of the system. Radionuclide imaging is not restricted to transparent materials since the relatively energetic positrons can penetrate high optical density materials. Experimentally, a radiotracer is introduced into the object of study, which is subsequently placed on a phosphor storage plate. After exposure, the plate is scanned with a laser and a digital, quantitative image can be reconstituted. To demonstrate the concept, three types of microstructures suited for integration in chemical analysis systems were imaged with C-11- and Ga-68-labeled tracers. The influence of factors such as geometry of the object and type of radionuclide on resolution and sensitivity was investigated. The resolution ranged from 0.9 to 2.7 mm (fwhm). Measuring low amounts of radioactivity in the three structures, 2-20 Bq could be detected, which corresponded to 2.3-500 amol or 2.4-110 pM tracer. The imaging approach was applied to study analyte concentration and sample dilution effects on the performance of a capillary extraction column integrated in an automated LC-ESI-MS system. The utility of the technique was further illustrated by imaging of microchannels in a zeonor plastic compact disk and in a poly(dimethylsiloxane) material for the study of nonspecific peptide adsorption.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 76, no 23, 7102-7108 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92493DOI: 10.1021/ac040070eOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92493DiVA: diva2:165597