Use of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase recovered from human plasma for phenotypic drug susceptibility testing
2003 (English)In: AIDS, Vol. 17, 1463-1471 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To demonstrate the use of HIV-1 reverse transcriplase (RT) recovered directly fromplasma for phenotypic drug susceptibility testing. Methods: Plasma from HIV-1 infected individuals with and without drug resistance-associated mutations were selected for the study. The blind coded plasmas were treated to inactivate cellular enzymes. The virions were immobilized on a gel and washed to remove antiretroviral drugs and RT activity blocking antibodies. The immobilized virions were lysed; the viral RTeluted and quantified, all according to the ExaVir Load procedure. The drug sensitivity profiles of each RT were determined using serially diluted drugs and modified Cavidi HS Lenti RT kits. Results: The phenotypic drug sensitivity profiles of the RT and the patterns of drug resistance mutations were highly concordant. Plasma RT from virions devoid of mutations associated with drug resistance had average 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 1.5 +/- 0.93 muM for nevirapine, 0.21 +/- 0.099 muM forefavirenz, 7.1 +/- 3.2 muM for delavirdine, 0.42 +/- 0.15 muM for azidothymidine triphosphate and 0.059 +/- 0.018 muM for didehydrothymidine triphosphate. The increase in IC50 value for RT with drugresistance associated substitutions was from 3- to more than 65-fold for non-nucleoside inhibitors and between 2- and 30-fold for thymidine analogue drugs. Conclusion: RT derived from virions recovered from the plasma of HIV infected individuals can be used foranalysis of phenotypic drug susceptibility. The methods presented provide rapid alternatives for analysingphenotypic drug susceptibility especially when the therapy is based on non-nucleoside RT inhibitors and thymidine-analogue drugs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 17, 1463-1471 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92504DOI: 10.1097/01.aids.0000072670.21517.0dISI: 000184420900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92504DiVA: diva2:165611