Distribution of growth hormone receptor mRNA in the brain stem and spinal cord of the rat
2004 (English)In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, E-ISSN 1873-7544, Vol. 130, no 2, 419-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By using in situ hybridization histochemistry the distribution of growth hormone (GH) receptor mRNA was examined in the rat brain stem and spinal cord. Dense labeling was seen in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, as reported previously, but also in several other areas, including the locus coeruleus, the area postrema, and the commissural part of the nucleus of the solitary tract. Other labeled structures included the superior lateral parabrachial nucleus, the facial, hypoglossal and trigeminal motor nuclei, the nucleus incertus, the dorsal tegmental nucleus, the dorsal raphe nucleus, the nucleus of the trapezoid body, and the superficial layers of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. These findings provide support for a direct action of GH on brain regions involved in various aspects of homeostatic control. Thus, the distribution of GH receptor mRNA to visceral sensory and motor structures is consonant with a role of GH in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. Its presence in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord indicates a role for GH in the initial processing of fine afferent input, and may help explain the beneficial effects of GH replacement in certain unclear pain conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 130, no 2, 419-425 p.
Animals, Appetite Regulation/physiology, Arcuate Nucleus/cytology/metabolism, Area Postrema/cytology/metabolism, Brain Stem/anatomy & histology/*metabolism, Energy Metabolism/physiology, Growth Hormone/*metabolism, Locus Coeruleus/cytology/metabolism, Male, Neurons/*metabolism, Pain/metabolism/physiopathology, RNA; Messenger/*metabolism, Rats, Rats; Sprague-Dawley, Receptors; Somatotropin/*genetics, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Solitary Nucleus/cytology/metabolism, Spinal Cord/anatomy & histology/*metabolism
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92529DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2004.10.003PubMedID: 15664698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92529DiVA: diva2:165647