High-resolution reflection seismic imaging of the upper crust at Laxemar, southeastern Sweden
2002 (English)In: Tectonophysics, ISSN 0040-1951, E-ISSN 1879-3266, Vol. 355, no 1-4, 201-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A major cost in exploring the upper 1–2 km of crystalline crust with reflection seismics is the drilling required for explosive sources. By reducing the charge size to a minimum, shallow inexpensive shotholes can be drilled with handheld equipment. Here, we present results from a full-scale test using small charges for high-resolution seismic surveying over a nuclear waste disposal study site (not an actual site). Two 2–2.5-km-long crossing profiles were acquired in December 1999 with 10-m shot and geophone spacing in the Laxemar area, near Oskarshamn in southeastern Sweden. After standard processing, including dip moveout (DMO), several subhorizontal to moderately dipping reflections are imaged. Many of the dipping ones can be correlated to fracture zones observed in a ca. 1700-m-deep borehole where the profiles cross and/or to fracture zones mapped on the surface. The imaged fracture zones form a complex 3D pattern illustrating the necessity of having 3D control before interpreting seismic reflection data. Analyses of sonic and density logs from the borehole show that greenstones have significantly higher impedances than the more dominant granite found in the borehole (granite/greenstone reflection coefficient is +0.065). These greenstones may contribute to the reflectivity when associated with fracture zones. In some cases, where they are present as larger subhorizontal lenses, they may be the dominant source of reflectivity. A set of north-dipping (10°) reflectors at 3–3.5-km depth can be correlated to a similar set observed below the island of Ävrö about 3 km to the east.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 355, no 1-4, 201-213 p.
Nuclear waste, 3D structure, Fracture zones, Crystalline rocks
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92680DOI: 10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00142-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92680DiVA: diva2:165849