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Balanced crystal orbital overlap population: a tool for analysing chemical bonds in solids
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 15, no 45, 7751-7761 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new tool for analysing theoretically the chemical bonding in solids is proposed. A balanced crystal orbital overlap population (BCOOP) is an energy resolved quantity which is positive for bonding states and negative for antibonding states, hence enabling a distinction between bonding and antibonding contributions to the chemical bond. Unlike the conventional crystal orbital overlap population (COOP), BCOOP handles correctly the situation of crystal orbitals being nearly linear dependent, which is often the case in the solid state. Also, BCOOP is much less basis set dependent than COOP. A BCOOP implementation within the full-potential linear muffin tin orbital method is presented and illustrated for Si, TiC and Ru. Thus, BCOOP is compared to the COOP and crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) for systems with chemical bonds ranging from metallic to covalent character.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 15, no 45, 7751-7761 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92689DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/15/45/014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92689DiVA: diva2:165860
Available from: 2005-03-10 Created: 2005-03-10 Last updated: 2012-03-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Theoretical Studies of Two-Dimensional Magnetism and Chemical Bonding
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical Studies of Two-Dimensional Magnetism and Chemical Bonding
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is divided into two parts. In the first part we study thermodynamics of the two-dimensional Heisenberg ferromagnet with dipolar interaction. This interaction breaks the conditions of the Mermin-Wagner theorem, resulting in a finite transition temperature. Our calculations are done within the framework of the self-consistent spin-wave theory (SSWT), which is modified in order to include the dipolar interaction. Both quantum and classical versions of the Heisenberg model are considered.

The second part of the thesis investigates the chemical bonding in solids from the first principles calculations. A new chemical bonding indicator called balanced crystal orbital overlap population (BCOOP) is developed. BCOOP is less basis set dependent than the earlier indicators and it can be used with full-potential density-functional theory (DFT) codes. We apply BCOOP formalism to the chemical bonding in the high-T_c superconductor MgB2 and the theoretically predicted MAX phase Nb3SiC2. We also study how the chemical bonding results in a repulsive hydrogen–hydrogen interaction in metal hydrides. The role of this interaction in the structural phase transition in Ti3SnHx is investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. vii + 87 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 21
Keyword
Physics, spin Hamiltonians, quantized spin models, Heisenberg model, spin waves, self-consistent spin-wave theory, dipolar interaction, density functional theory, chemical bonding, overlap population, MAX phases, metal hydrides, Fysik
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4815 (URN)91-554-6164-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-04-01, Siegbahnsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-03-10 Created: 2005-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Ahuja, RajeevEriksson, Olle

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