The oxidative metabolism by eosinophils: Effects of allergen exposure and interleukin-5
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis the oxidative metabolism by blood eosinophils from birch pollen allergic subjects was studied and compared to that by eosinophils from healthy controls, during and out of the pollen season. The effects and mechanisms of in vitro IL-5 priming on blood eosinophils were investigated and compared to the effects of in vivo priming during pollen exposure.
The main findings of this work were that the oxidative metabolism by blood eosinophils taken from pollen allergic subjects is reduced during the pollen season. The eosinophils taken from asymptomatic allergics have a reduced capacity to produce oxygen free radicals as compared to non-allergic controls. The oxidative metabolism by blood eosinophils from allergic subjects is primed in vivo during the pollen season, as compared to the healthy controls and as compared to out of season. IL-5 primed the oxidative metabolism by eosinophils from allergic subjects in a similar way as eosinophils from healthy controls, both during and out of pollen exposure. The total and tyrosine phosphorylation patterns obtained were identical in eosinophils from allergic subjects and non-allergic controls during the pollen season. Spontaneous phosphorylation was the same in both groups and different from that after IL-5 priming. The oxidative metabolism of blood eosinophils is composed of different stages. The initial stage, measured as the t½rises of the CL curves, is an indication of the state of priming of the cell, while the end stage, measured as the peaks of the CL curves, is an estimate of the total radical production by the cells. IL-5 priming affected these two stages differently and the two stages are regulated by different signal transduction pathways and IL-5 priming causes a by-passing of MEK.
In conclusion, in this thesis it is shown that blood eosinophils from allergic subjects are primed in vivo during exposure to their allergen. This in vivo priming leads on one hand to a reduced oxidative metabolism during the pollen season, but also to a faster onset of radical production as a response to certain stimuli. Our data do not provide any evidence of IL-5 involvement in the in vivo priming of blood eosinophils from allergic patients during pollen exposure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2000. , 59 p.
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 962
Medical sciences, Eosinophils, allergy, asthma, rhinitis, oxidative metabolism, IL-5, priming, signal transduction, protein phosphorylation
MEDICIN OCH VÅRD
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
Research subject Clinical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-514ISBN: 91-554-4827-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-514DiVA: diva2:166004
2000-11-02, Rosénsalen, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:15