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Conversion between two cytochalasin B-binding states of the human GLUT1 glucose transporter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry.
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2000 (English)In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 267, no 23, 6875-6882 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two cytochalasin B-binding states of the human red blood cell facilitative glucose transporter GLUT1 were studied, one exhibiting one cytochalasin B-binding site on every second GLUT1 monomer (state 1) and the other showing one site per monomer (state 2). Quantitative affinity chromatography of cytochalasin B was performed on (a) biotinylated red blood cells, (b) cytoskeleton-depleted red blood cell membrane vesicles, and (c) GLUT1 proteoliposomes. The cells were adsorbed on streptavidin-derivatized gel beads, and the vesicles and proteoliposomes entrapped in dextran-grafted agarose gel beads. Cytochalasin B binding to free vesicles and proteoliposomes was analyzed by Hummel and Dreyer size-exclusion chromatography and ultracentrifugation. Analysis of the biotinylated cells indicated an equilibrium between the two GLUT1 states. GLUT1 in free membrane vesicles attained state 2, but was converted into state 1 on entrapment of the vesicles. Purification of GLUT1 in the presence of non-ionic detergent followed by reconstitution produced GLUT1 in state 1. This state was maintained after entrapment of the proteoliposomes. Finally, GLUT1 showed slightly higher affinity for cytochalasin B in state 1 than in state 2. In summary, the cytochalasin B-binding state of GLUT1 seemed to be affected by (a) biotinylation of the cell surface, (b) removal of the cytoskeleton at high pH and low ionic strength, (c) interaction between the dextran-grafted agarose gel matrix and the membrane vesicles, and (d) reconstitution to form proteoliposomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 267, no 23, 6875-6882 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92799DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2000.01788.xPubMedID: 11082199OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92799DiVA: diva2:166096
Available from: 2005-04-07 Created: 2005-04-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Quantitation, Purification and Reconstitution of the Red Blood Cell Glucose Transporter GLUT1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantitation, Purification and Reconstitution of the Red Blood Cell Glucose Transporter GLUT1
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The human glucose transporter GLUT1 facilitates glucose to be accumulated on the other side of the cell membrane. The functional state of GLUT1 is uncertain due to diversity of the reports. In this thesis, the activity of red blood cell GLUT1 was extensively studied to further characterize this protein.

The human red blood cell membranes were stripped to become vesicles with low-ionic alkaline solution in the presence or absence of dithioerithritol. The supernatant of partially solubilized membrane vesicles provided approximately 65% of the vesicle proteins. GLUT1 purified from this supernatant showed a little high-affinity cytochalasin B binding activity. On the other hand, the vesicles stripped with dithioerythritol provided mostly monomeric GLUT1 and those without dithioerythritol provided monomeric and oligomeric GLUT1. MALDI-ToF-MS detected variant GLUT1 fragments between the two preparations. Residual endogenous phospholipids per GLUT1 also showed difference. However, the equilibrium exchange of glucose was retained for both GLUT1 preparations. Cytochalasin B-binding activity of GLUT1 in streptoavidin-biotin-immobilized red blood cells showed that both dissociation constant and binding sites per GLUT1 fell between those of wheat germ lectin-immobilized red blood cells with or without polylysine coating, which indicated the switching of two cytochalasin B-binding states of GLUT1. It is concluded that GLUT1 in red blood cells contains approximately two equal portions, monomeric with high-affinity cytochalasin B-binding activity and oligomeric without high-affinity cytochalasin B-binding activity. In the partial solubilization of the membrane vesicles, GLUT1 which does not have high-affinity cytochalasin B-binding activity is pooled. This might provide a resolution to select oligomerically and functionally different GLUT1 for crystallization.

In addition a modified micro-Bradford assay with CaPE precipitation was developed to achieve a routine quantitation method for membrane proteins and the effects of cholesterol and PEG(5000)-DSPE on reconstituted GLUT1 were preliminarily determined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 42 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 30
Keyword
Biochemistry, Cholesterol, Cytochalasin B, Glucose, GLUT1, Hummel and Dreyer analysis, Immobilization, PEG(5000)-DSPE, Biomembrane, Proteoliposome, Quantitative frontal affinity chromatography, Red blood cell streptavidin-biotin immobilization, Sulfhydryl affinity chromatography, The modified micro-Bradford CaPE assay, MALDI-ToF-MS, Biokemi
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5727 (URN)91-554-6196-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-04-29, Room B7:113a, BMC, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-04-07 Created: 2005-04-07 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved
2. Affinity-, Partition- and Permeability Properties of the Human Red Blood Cell Membrane and Biomembrane Models, with Emphasis on the GLUT1 Glucose Transporter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Affinity-, Partition- and Permeability Properties of the Human Red Blood Cell Membrane and Biomembrane Models, with Emphasis on the GLUT1 Glucose Transporter
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The human glucose transporter GLUT1 is abundant in red blood cells, the blood-brain barrier and epithelial cells, where it mediates the transport of the energy metabolite, glucose. In the present work some properties of GLUT1, including affinity binding of both substrates and inhibitors, transport rates as well as permeabilities of aromatic amino acids and drug-membrane interactions were analyzed by chromatographic methods.

Reconstitution by size-exclusion chromatography on Superdex 75 from a detergent with a low CMC that provides monomeric GLUT1 was examined regarding D-glucose- and CB binding as well as D-glucose transport. Upon steric immobilization in Superdex 200 gel beads, residual detergent could be washed away and dissociation constants in the same range as reported for binding to GLUT1 reconstituted from other detergents were obtained. The transport rate into the GLUT1 proteoliposomes was low, probably due to residual detergent. Binding to GLUT1 at different pH was analyzed and the affinity of glucose and GLUT1 inhibitors was found to decrease with increasing pH (5–8.7). The average number of cytochalasin B-binding sites per GLUT1 monomers was, in most cases, approximately 0.4. GLUT1 may work as a functional monomer, dimer or oligomer. To determine whether GLUT1 was responsible for the transport of the aromatic amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan, uptake values and permeabilities of these amino acids into liposomes and GLUT1 proteoliposomes were compared to the permeabilities of D- and L- glucose in the same systems. Dihydrocytochalasin B was identified to be a new inhibitor of tyrosine and tryptophan transport into red blood cells. Ethanol turned out to inhibit the specific binding between CB and GLUT1 and also to decrease the partitioning of CB and drugs into lipid bilayers. A capacity factor for drug partitioning into membranes that allows comparison between columns with different amount of immobilized lipids was validated, and turned out to be independent of flow rate, amount of lipids and drug concentration in the ranges tested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2003. 50 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 868
Keyword
Biochemistry, Affinity, Aromatic amino acids, Binding, Biomembrane, Biotin, Chromatography, Cytochalasin B, Dihydrocytochalasin B, Dissociation constant, Drug absorption, Ethanol, Equilibrium, Glucose, GLUT1, Immobilization, Immobilized biomembrane affinity chromatography, Immobilized liposome chromatography, Interaction, Liposome, Membrane protein, Membrane vesicle, Partitioning, Phospholipid bilayer, Proteoliposome, Quantitative, Red blood cell, Specific, Streptavidin, Tyrosine, Tryptophan, Biokemi
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-3525 (URN)91-554-5692-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2003-09-26, B:41, BMC, Husarvägen 3, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2003-09-04 Created: 2003-09-04 Last updated: 2013-06-10Bibliographically approved
3. Chromatographic Studies of Solute Interactions with Immobilized Red Blood Cells and Biomembranes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chromatographic Studies of Solute Interactions with Immobilized Red Blood Cells and Biomembranes
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Specific and non-specific interactions of solutes with immobilized biomembranes were studied using chromatographic methods. Liposomes, proteoliposomes and red blood cell (RBC) membrane vesicles were immobilized by a freeze-thawing procedure, whereas whole RBCs were adsorbed in the gel beds using electrostatic interaction, binding to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) or the streptavidin-biotin interaction.

Superporous agarose gel with coupled WGA was the most promising matrix for RBC adsorption and allowed frontal chromatographic analyses of the cells for about one week. Dissociation constants for the binding of cytochalasin B and glucose to the glucose transporter GLUT1 were determined under equilibrium conditions. The number of cytochalasin B-binding sites per GLUT1 monomer was calculated and compared to corresponding results measured on free and immobilized membrane vesicles and GLUT1 proteoliposomes. This allowed conclusions about the protein´s binding state in vitro and in vivo.

Partitioning of drugs into biomembranes was quantified and the system was suggested as a screening method to test for possible intestinal absorption of drug candidates. We also studied how membrane partitioning of drugs is affected by the presence of integral membrane proteins or of charged phospholipids.

An attempt to combine the theory for specific binding and membrane partitioning of solutes in a single equation is briefly presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2002. 43 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 755
Keyword
Biochemistry, Affinity, Binding, Biomembrane, Biotin, Chromatography, Cytochalasin B, Dissociation constant, Drug absorption, Equilibrium, Glucose, GLUT1, Immobilization, Immobilized biomembrane affinity chromatography, Immobilized liposome chromatography, Interaction, Liposome, Membrane protein, Membrane vesicle, Partitioning, Phospholipid bilayer, Proteoliposome, Quantitative, Red blood cell, Solute, Specific, Streptavidin, Wheat germ agglutinin, Biokemi
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-2668 (URN)91-554-5413-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-10-25, lecture hall B41, Biomedical Center, Uppsala, 10:15
Opponent
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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