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High-resolution profiling of an 11 Mb segment of human chromosome 22 in sporadic schwannoma using array-CGH.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
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2003 In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 22, no 3, 615-622 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 22, no 3, 615-622 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92892DiVA: diva2:166206
Available from: 2005-04-25 Created: 2005-04-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Microarray-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization in Neurofibromatoses and DiGeorge Syndrome
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microarray-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization in Neurofibromatoses and DiGeorge Syndrome
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) has emerged as a versatile platform with a wide range of applications in molecular genetics. This thesis focuses on the development of array-CGH with a specific aim to approach disease-related questions through improved strategies in array construction and enhanced resolution of analysis. In paper I, we applied an array covering 11 Mb of 22q, encompassing the NF2 locus, for deletion detection in sporadic schwannoma. Hemizygous deletions and tumor heterogeneity were identified. Array-CGH was established as a reliable platform for detection of DNA dosage alterations. Paper II described the construction of the NF2 gene-specific microarray for high-resolution scanning of deletions in the NF2 locus. We report a novel PCR-based non-redundant strategy for microarray fabrication, which considerably improved the sensitivity and reliability of deletion detection. Paper III reported the first tiling-path array comprehensively covering a human chromosome. The usefulness of the 22q-array was demonstrated by applying it to detect DNA dosage-alterations in 22q-associated disorders. In paper IV, we optimized array-CGH protocols for deletion detection in 22q11 deletion-syndrome. We showed that genomic and cDNA clones are not optimal for analysis of 22q11 locus and that PCR-based non-redundant strategy is reliable for deletion detection in such regions. In paper V, we utilized the 22q-array for understanding the genetic basis of schwannomatosis. Two commonly deleted regions were identified within the IGL and the GSTT1/CABIN1 loci. Further investigations using high-resolution arrays, bioinformatic analysis and mutational screening were performed. Missense mutations, specific to the schwannomatosis- and NF2 samples, were identified in the CABIN1 gene. Paper VI described the first array-CGH study for comprehensive and high-resolution profiling of deletions spanning the 17q11 locus. Both typical and atypical deletions were identified in NF1 samples. Bioinformatic analysis revealed novel segmental duplications, which can potentially mediate 17q11 deletions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 70 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 26
Keyword
Genetics, array-CGH, neurofibromatoses, neurofibromatosis type 1, neurofibromatosis type 2, schwannomatosis, DiGeorge syndrome, 22q11 syndrome, chromosome 22, genomic microarrays, DNA copy number, Genetik
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5743 (URN)91-554-6212-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-05-17, Rudbecksalen, Rudbeck laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 13:15
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Available from: 2005-04-25 Created: 2005-04-25Bibliographically approved

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