A DNA microarray system for forensic SNP analysis
2005 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 154, no 2-3, 111-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Forensic DNA analysis is routinely performed using polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) markers. However, for degraded or minute DNA samples, analysis of autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in short fragments might be more successful. Furthermore, sequencing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is often performed on highly degraded or scarce samples due to the high copy number of mtDNA in each cell. Due to the increasing number of complete mtDNA genome sequences available, the limited discrimination power of an mtDNA analysis, may be increased by analysis of coding region polymorphisms in addition to the non-coding variation. Since sequence analysis of the coding region would require more material than generally present in forensic samples, an alternative SNP analysis approach is required. We have developed a one-colour microarray-based SNP detection system for limited forensic materials. The method is based on minisequencing in solution prior to hybridisation to universal tag-arrays. In a first outline of a forensic chip, a combination of 12 nuclear and 21 mitochondrial SNP markers are analysed simultaneously. The mitochondrial markers on the chip are polymorphisms within the hypervariable region as well as in the coding region. Even though the number of markers in the current system is limited, it can easily be extended to yield a greater power of discrimination. When fully developed, microarray analysis provides a promising system for efficient sensitive SNP analysis of forensic samples in the future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 154, no 2-3, 111-121 p.
Complementarity determining regions, DNA/*analysis, DNA fingerprinting/*methods, DNA primers, genetic markers, humans, oligonucleotide array sequence analysis, polymorphism, single nucleotide, research support, non-U.S. Gov't, sequence analysis, DNA
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92900DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.09.134PubMedID: 16182957OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92900DiVA: diva2:166215