Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström's macroglobulinemia derives from an extensively hypermutated B cell that lacks ongoing somatic hypermutation
2005 (English)In: Leukemia research: a Forum for Studies on Leukemia and Normal Hemopoiesis, ISSN 0145-2126, E-ISSN 1873-5835, Vol. 29, no 7, 729-734 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a rare lymphoma thought to originate from a B cell stimulated to differentiate to a plasma cell, and which is usually accompanied by clonal IgM secretion, defining the diagnosis of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM). However, the immunoglobulin variable heavy chain (VH) gene usage and the somatic hypermutation status have not been widely investigated in LPL. LPL biopsies (CD19+/CD20+/CD22+/CD5−/CD10−/CD23−/κ+) from 14 patients were included most of whom had a serum IgM component of variable magnitude (two cases with IgG). Highly mutated VH genes (mean mutation rate 8%) were revealed in 13 of 14 LPLs, whereas one case displayed a germline VH gene configuration. Cloning of the VH gene rearrangements in nine cases showed homogeneous sequences without intraclonal heterogeneity. Furthermore, no bias in the VH gene usage was shown, with VH3, VH4, and VH1 gene family members represented. These data confirm that the LPL precursor cell has been exposed to the germinal centre environment, as indicated by extensive hypermutation, but also that the transformation event occurred after affinity maturation, since there was a lack of intraclonal variation. Additionally, the VH gene repertoire was not skewed in LPL/WM as has been demonstrated in other B cell malignancies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 29, no 7, 729-734 p.
Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Antigens; CD/blood, B-Lymphocytes/*immunology, Female, Genes; Immunoglobulin, Humans, Immunoglobulin M/blood, Immunoglobulin Variable Region/genetics, Lymphoma; Small Lymphocytic/blood/*genetics, Male, Middle Aged, Mutation, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/blood/*genetics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92920DOI: 10.1016/j.leukres.2004.12.008PubMedID: 15927667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92920DiVA: diva2:166239