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No apparent indirect genetic benefits to female red flour beetles preferring males with intense copulatory courtship
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Animal Ecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Animal Ecology.
2006 (English)In: Behavior Genetics, ISSN 0001-8244, E-ISSN 1573-3297, Vol. 36, no 5, 775-782 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Whether females gain indirect genetic benefits through mate choice is a controversial issue since this requires additive genetic variance in the preferred male traits. Condition dependence could maintain the necessary genetic variance by linking the expression of male traits to the supposedly large number of genes affecting condition. Copulating males of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum rub their legs along the female elytra. Females favor males with vigorous rubbing through cryptic female choice. We measured the repeatability and heritability of this behavior and assessed its potential use as indicator of viability and condition. We found genetic variance in larval to adult survival and in the rate of leg rubbing in males. However, the rate of leg rubbing was not related to offspring survival or condition dependent. The genetic variance in leg rubbing was mostly non-additive with very low narrow sense heritability. Therefore, we failed to document any indirect genetic benefits to choosy females through viability of their offspring or attractiveness of their sons.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 36, no 5, 775-782 p.
Keyword [en]
condition dependence, copulatory courtship, cryptic female choice, heritability, indirect genetic benefits, Tribolium castaneum
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92939DOI: 10.1007/s10519-005-9043-6ISI: 000239589700014PubMedID: 16557363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92939DiVA: diva2:166264
Available from: 2005-04-20 Created: 2005-04-20 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cryptic Female Choice and Male Mating Behaviour: Sexual Interactions in Beetles
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cryptic Female Choice and Male Mating Behaviour: Sexual Interactions in Beetles
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The importance of cryptic female choice, i.e. female post-copulatory influence over male reproductive success, in driving the evolution of male traits remains controversial. The main aim of this thesis was to understand the post-copulatory consequences of sexual interactions and the importance of cryptic female choice in two species of beetle.

Males of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum use their legs to rub the lateral edges of the female elytra during mating. When manipulating female perception of this behaviour, I found that females preferentially use the sperm of males with vigorous leg rubbing when they mate with more than one male. Leg rubbing also appeared to increase female rate of oviposition. Females do not seem to gain any indirect benefits by preferring males with an intense leg rubbing behaviour since this behaviour was found to have very low narrow sense heritability and did not appear to be condition dependent in its expression.

Males of the bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus have spiny genitalia that harm their mates. Females kick males during copulation and when prevented from kicking, suffered reduced lifetime offspring production as a consequence of more extensive injuries. Males were not able to delay female remating, increase rate of oviposition or increase sperm precedence by inflicting relatively severe injuries to non-kicking females. Hence, the injuries appear to be side effects of male efforts to remain in copula. When copulation duration was manipulated, ejaculate size and female lifetime offspring production increased with the length of copulation. Females reduced their mating rate when they had access to water, suggesting that they obtain water from the large ejaculates and trade-off their need for additional water against the costs of mating. Males may then reduce the benefits of remating by providing their mates with a large amount of water. Females did not increase their remating propensity to avoid inbreeding when they had mated to brothers. Together, these studies reveal the complexity of sexual interactions and the importance of post-copulatory processes for the fitness of both males and females.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 42 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 43
Keyword
Biology, Cryptic female choice, Copulatory courtship, Harmful male traits, Nuptial gifts, Sperm competition, Sexual selection, Tribolium castaneum, Callosobruchus maculatus, Biologi
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5753 (URN)91-554-6225-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-05-13, Zootissalen, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala, 15:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-04-20 Created: 2005-04-20Bibliographically approved

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