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Personal and psychosocial factors and symptoms compatible with sick building syndrome in the Swedish workforce
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Eva Vingård)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Eva Vingård)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Eva Vingård)
2006 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 16, no 6, 445-453 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A random sample of 1000 subjects (20-65 years of age) received a postal questionnaire regarding sick building syndrome (SBS), including the three-dimensional model of demand-control-support (DCS). The response rate was 70% (n = 695), and 532 were occupationally active. Female gender and atopy were the main predictors of symptoms. Eye symptoms were more common at low social support combined with strained work situation [odds ratio (OR) 2.37], and at high social support combined with active work situation (OR 3.00). Throat symptoms were more common at low social support combined with either passive (OR 1.86) or strained situation (OR 2.42). Tiredness was more common at low social support combined with either passive (OR 2.41), strained (OR 2.25), or active situation (OR 1.87), and at high social support combined with active work situation (OR 1.83). Low social support combined with either passive (P = 0.01) or strained job situation (P = 0.01) was associated with a higher symptom score (SC). The lowest SC was found at a relaxed work situation, irrespective of social support. In conclusion, female gender, low age, asthma, atopy and psychosocial work environment are associated with symptoms. The three-dimensional model can predict symptoms compatible with SBS, but in a more complex way than earlier research indicated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 16, no 6, 445-453 p.
Keyword [en]
atopy, gender, job Strain, occupational Stress, psychosocial work environment, sick building syndrome
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93345DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0668.2006.00438.xISI: 000241832600005PubMedID: 17100665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93345DiVA: diva2:166795
Available from: 2005-09-22 Created: 2005-09-22 Last updated: 2011-05-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Personality, Stress, and Indoor Environmental Symptomatology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personality, Stress, and Indoor Environmental Symptomatology
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The sick building syndrome (SBS) comprises eye, nose, skin, and throat symptoms, headache and fatigue. Gender, personality aspects, and psychosocial factors at work have lately been at focus in health research. The main aim of this thesis was to investigate the relationships between SBS and personal factors, personality traits, and psychosocial work stress. Two different populations were studied: a cohort of 195 subjects working in suspected “sick buildings” followed 1988-1999, and a random sample of 695 subjects from the Swedish population, 20-65 y. Two personality scales were used; the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) and the Sense of Coherence (SOC). Two stress questionnaires were used: the 3-dimensional demands-control-support model (DCS) and the Assessment of Perceived Psychosocial Work Environment (PPWE). SBS and personal factors were assessed by a postal symptoms questionnaire and a symptom score (SC) was calculated. Personality was assessed by means of two verbal personality scales, the KSP and the SOC. Females in problem buildings had more SBS than men, and females had a lower SOC and more anxiety and aggressivity in the KSP. Females and males in the general working population reported differences in psychosocial work environment. Moreover, the associations between personality traits and SBS, and between DCS and SBS, differed between males and females. Over all, the investigated occupants of suspected sick-buildings were within the normal range for both KSP and SOC norms. However, those with symptoms showed prominent personality vulnerability, especially in anxiety, aggressivity, and lower SOC, compared to those that were not reporting symptoms. Female gender, low age, asthma, and a history of atopy were related to SBS in the general working population. A combination of low social support and either passive, strained, or active work situation, as well as a combination of high social support and active work situation, were associated with SBS. In conclusion, measurements of personality and psychosocial work environment could be of value in future studies on environmental syndromes. Moreover, the demans-control-support model can predict SBS, but in a more complex way than indicated by earlier research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 64 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 61
Keyword
Medical sciences, SBS, Personality traits, stress, KSP, SOC, demands-control-support, MEDICIN OCH VÅRD
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5899 (URN)91-554-6314-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-11-10, MIC AULA (vid restaurang Rullan), Hus 6, Polacksbacken, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-09-22 Created: 2005-09-22 Last updated: 2011-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Runeson, RomaWieslander, GunillaNorbäck, Dan

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