Norharman-induced motoric impairment in mice: Neurodegeneration and glial activation in substantia nigra
2006 (English)In: Journal of neural transmission, ISSN 0300-9564, E-ISSN 1435-1463, Vol. 113, no 3, 313-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The beta-carboline norharman is present in cooked food and tobacco smoke and show structural resemblance to the neurotoxicant 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. C57BL/6 mice were injected subcutaneously with norharman (3 and 10 mg/kg) twice per day for five consecutive days. Eighteen hours after the last dose an increased expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein and fluoro-jade staining were demonstrated whereas the number of tyrosine hydroxylase positive cells were unchanged in the substantia nigra. Two weeks after the last treatment a decreased motor activity was observed whereas cognitive functions remained intact. In cultured PC12 cells norharman treatment induced mitochondrial dysfunction and increased the number of caspase-3 and TUNEL-positive cells. The results demonstrate that norharman induced apoptosis in cultured cells as well as early neurodegeneration, glial activation and sustained motor deficits in mice and suggest that exposure to norharman may contribute to idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 113, no 3, 313-329 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93504DOI: 10.1007/s00702-005-0334-0PubMedID: 16075188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93504DiVA: diva2:166998