Effects of Dehydroepiandrosterone Supplement on Health-related Quality of Life in Glucocorticoid Treated Female Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
2005 (English)In: Autoimmunity, ISSN 0891-6934, Vol. 38, no 7, 531-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of low dose dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in glucocorticoid treated female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Forty one women ( >or= 5 mg prednisolone/day) were included in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study for 6 months where DHEA was given at 30 mg/20 mg ( or= 46 years) daily, or placebo, followed by 6 months open DHEA treatment to all patients. HRQOL was assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months, using four validated questionnaires and the patients' partners completed a questionnaire assessing mood and behaviour at 6 months. DHEA treatment increased serum levels of sulphated DHEA from subnormal to normal. The DHEA group improved in SF-36 "role emotional" and HSCL-56 total score (both p<0.05). During open DHEA treatment, the former placebo group improved in SF-36 "mental health" (p<0.05) with a tendency for improvement in HSCL-56 total score (p=0.10). Both groups improved in McCoy's Sex Scale during active treatment (p<0.05). DHEA replacement decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and increased insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and haematocrit. There were no effects on bone density or disease activity and no serious adverse events. Side effects were mild. We conclude that low dose DHEA treatment improves HRQOL with regard to mental well-being and sexuality and can be offered to women with SLE where mental distress and/or impaired sexuality constitutes a problem.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 38, no 7, 531-540 p.
Adjuvants; Immunologic/pharmacology/*therapeutic use, Adult, Aged, Androgens/blood, Corticotropin/blood, Dehydroepiandrosterone/pharmacology/*therapeutic use, Double-Blind Method, Female, Humans, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism, Lupus Erythematosus; Systemic/blood/*drug therapy/*physiopathology, Middle Aged, Prednisolone/pharmacology/*therapeutic use, Quality of Life, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Sex Characteristics, Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin/metabolism
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93511DOI: 10.1080/08916930500285550PubMedID: 16373258OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93511DiVA: diva2:167006