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Nanospace-1: Spacecraft Design using Advanced Modular Architecture (AMA)
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Ångström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTC.
In: AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and RocketsArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93731OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93731DiVA: diva2:167303
Available from: 2005-11-03 Created: 2005-11-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Miniaturized Multifunctional System Architecture for Satellites and Robotics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miniaturized Multifunctional System Architecture for Satellites and Robotics
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes and evaluates the design of nanospacecraft based on advanced multifunctional microsystems building blocks. These systems bring substantial improvements of the performance of nanosatellites and enable new space exploration, e.g. interplanetary science missions using minute space probes. Microsystems, or microelectromechanical systems, allows for extreme miniaturization using heritage from IC industry. Reducing mass and volume of spacecraft gives large savings in terms of launch costs.

Definition and categorization of system and module level features in multifunctional microsystems are used to derive a spacecraft optimization algorithm which is compatible with commonly used concurrent engineering methods.

The miniaturization of modules enables modular spacecraft architectures comprising powerful multifunctional microsystems, which are applicable to satellites between 10 and 1000’s of kg.

This kind of complete spacecraft architecture has been developed for the NanoSpace-1 technology demonstrator satellite. The spacecraft bus uses multifunctional design to enable distributed intelligence and autonomy, graceful degradation, functional surfaces, and distributed power systems. The increase in performance of the new spacecraft architecture as compared with conventional nanosatellites is orders of magnitudes in terms of power storage, scientific payload mass ratio, pointing stabilization, and long time space operation.

This high-performance system-of-microsystems architecture has been successfully employed on two space robotic concepts: a miniaturized submersible vehicle for Jupiter’s Moon Europa and a miniaturized spherical robot. The submersible is enabled by miniaturization of electronics into 3-dimensional, vertically integrated multi-chip-modules together with new interconnection methods. These technologies enabled the submersible vehicle tube-shaped design within 20 cm length and 5 cm diameter. The spherical rover was developed for long range and networked science investigations of interplanetary bodies. The rover weighs 3.5 kg and is shown to endure direct reentry on Mars, which increases the ratio between the landed mobile payload mass and the initial mass in Mars orbit by a factor of 18.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 39 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 110
Space technology, Multifunctional design, Spacecraft, Robotics, Microengineering, MEMS, Exploration, Distributed intelligence, Mission Design, Rymdteknik
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6130 (URN)91-554-6380-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-11-25, 2005, Ångström, Regementsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2005-11-03 Created: 2005-11-03 Last updated: 2009-10-07Bibliographically approved

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