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Eating Disorder Inventory for Children (EDI-C): Effects of age and gender in a Swedish sample
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2004 (English)In: European eating disorders review, ISSN 1072-4133, E-ISSN 1099-0968, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 256-264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

To evaluate the Swedish version of the Eating Disorder Inventory for Children (EDI-C) from a gender and developmental perspective and to provide normative data.

Methods

Data were collected within seven cross-sectional projects. Completed questionnaires, from 2070 boys and 2655 girls in grades 4–12, were included.

Results

The psychometric properties of EDI-C in non-clinical groups of girls and adolescent boys resemble those found for adolescent girls with an eating disorder. Significant differences were found between genders, grades and pre-adolescent and adolescent groups. An increase in drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction and problems with interoceptive awareness and impulse regulation characterized the adolescent girls. Maturity fears, interpersonal distrust and social insecurity decreased during adolescence for both genders.

Conclusions

The results indicate that the EDI-C could well be used for both boys and girls, although separate norms are recommended for pre-adolescents and adolescents as well as for boys and girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 12, no 4, p. 256-264
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93770DOI: 10.1002/erv.583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93770DiVA, id: diva2:167352
Available from: 2005-11-16 Created: 2005-11-16 Last updated: 2018-01-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Adolescent Eating Disorders in a Sociocultural Context
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescent Eating Disorders in a Sociocultural Context
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence means an increased risk for eating disorders (ED) and the female gender is the most important risk factor. Empirical studies of the perceptions of gender ideals—as potential mediating factors between the socio-cultural context and ED—were this thesis’ primary goals. Further aims implied evaluating the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorders Inventory for Children (EDI-C) and providing normative data for boys and girls concerning self-assessed ED symptoms and related psychological traits.

The EDI-C has satisfying psychometric properties, and normative data are now provided. The vast majority of preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls (n=4725) are not preoccupied with weight concerns, but 1–3% of the boys and 9–20% of the girls here indicate feelings of anxiety and problematic attitudes. An increase of self-reported ED symptoms occurs during female preadolescence and early adolescence.

Responses to three open-ended questions—addressing perceived and personal gender ideals of adolescent boys (n=347) and girls with (n=204) and without (n=417) an ED—indicate that girls are, compared to boys, more involved in images of ideals. The perceived ideal man and ideal woman differ in body size and strength. This corresponds with different health risk behaviours reported in boys (body building) and girls (dieting). Awareness of media ideals and an ability to discriminate them from individual values was common in the normal groups and in girls who had recovered from an ED. A poor outcome was associated with thinness stated as ideals of the media, without mentioning good looks. Factors that could predict outcome at the 3-year follow-up of an ED in adolescent girls were: good looks (media ideal), maturity fears, profession (individual ideal), sexual debut, and vomiting.

The addition of a gender perspective would add a dimension to programmes aiming at preventing and treating ED in adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. p. 85
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 88
Keyword
Child and adolescent psychiatry, Adolescent psychiatry, Eating disorders, Adolescents, Gender, Ideals, Outcome, Sociocultural, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6142 (URN)91-554-6404-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-12-08, Auditoriet, Gustavianum, Akademig 3, 753 10 Uppsala, 13:15
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Supervisors
Available from: 2005-11-16 Created: 2005-11-16Bibliographically approved

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Thurfjell, BarbroEdlund, BirgittaArinell, HansEngström, Ingemar

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