uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Perceived and individual ideals of gender in Swedish adolescents with and without an eating disorder
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Show others and affiliations
2006 (English)In: Eating Disorders, ISSN 1064-0266, E-ISSN 1532-530X, Vol. 14, no 1, 55-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three open-ended questions based on Steiner-Adair (1986) were used to study gender concepts in relation to ideals in adolescent boys and girls and eating-disordered girls. The answers were coded according to themes emanating from the collected data and not predetermined. Dichotomous differences were found between the genders regarding perceived ideals of body size, but clinical and nonclinical girls perceived ideals of society and media similarly. Individual gender concepts differed substantially from the perceived ideals, and were most often focused on lifestyle and life conditions. However, the clinical girls were somewhat more likely to emphasize appearance and loving relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 14, no 1, 55-72 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Attitude, Body Image, Eating Disorders/*ethnology/*psychology, Female, Gender Identity, Humans, Male, Questionnaires, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Sex Factors, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93771DOI: 10.1080/10640260500297168PubMedID: 16757449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93771DiVA: diva2:167353
Available from: 2005-11-16 Created: 2005-11-16 Last updated: 2013-05-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Adolescent Eating Disorders in a Sociocultural Context
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescent Eating Disorders in a Sociocultural Context
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence means an increased risk for eating disorders (ED) and the female gender is the most important risk factor. Empirical studies of the perceptions of gender ideals—as potential mediating factors between the socio-cultural context and ED—were this thesis’ primary goals. Further aims implied evaluating the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorders Inventory for Children (EDI-C) and providing normative data for boys and girls concerning self-assessed ED symptoms and related psychological traits.

The EDI-C has satisfying psychometric properties, and normative data are now provided. The vast majority of preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls (n=4725) are not preoccupied with weight concerns, but 1–3% of the boys and 9–20% of the girls here indicate feelings of anxiety and problematic attitudes. An increase of self-reported ED symptoms occurs during female preadolescence and early adolescence.

Responses to three open-ended questions—addressing perceived and personal gender ideals of adolescent boys (n=347) and girls with (n=204) and without (n=417) an ED—indicate that girls are, compared to boys, more involved in images of ideals. The perceived ideal man and ideal woman differ in body size and strength. This corresponds with different health risk behaviours reported in boys (body building) and girls (dieting). Awareness of media ideals and an ability to discriminate them from individual values was common in the normal groups and in girls who had recovered from an ED. A poor outcome was associated with thinness stated as ideals of the media, without mentioning good looks. Factors that could predict outcome at the 3-year follow-up of an ED in adolescent girls were: good looks (media ideal), maturity fears, profession (individual ideal), sexual debut, and vomiting.

The addition of a gender perspective would add a dimension to programmes aiming at preventing and treating ED in adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. 85 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 88
Child and adolescent psychiatry, Adolescent psychiatry, Eating disorders, Adolescents, Gender, Ideals, Outcome, Sociocultural, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
National Category
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6142 (URN)91-554-6404-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-12-08, Auditoriet, Gustavianum, Akademig 3, 753 10 Uppsala, 13:15
Available from: 2005-11-16 Created: 2005-11-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Thurfjell, Barbrovon Knorring, Anne-LiisSwenne, Ingemar
By organisation
Child and Adolescent PsychiatryDepartment of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
Eating Disorders
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 267 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link