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Personality traits as predictors of occupational performance and life satisfaction among mentally disordered offenders
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
2005 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 59, no 5, 357-364 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study investigated to what extent personality traits, e.g. socialization, proneness for anxiety, aggression and hostility were associated with and predictive of self-reported and observed occupational performance and perceived life satisfaction among male mentally disordered offenders (MDOs). Also, subjects with psychopathic-related personality traits were compared with subjects without such traits regarding demographic data and dependent variables. The MDOs were included from the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine. A total of 55 subjects were visited at their hospital ward for data collection with the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP), Capability to Perform Daily Occupation (CPDO), Allen Cognitive Level Screen (ACLS) and the Manchester Quality of Life Scale (MANSA). Seven KSP scales and two KSP factors correlated significantly with the dependent variables. Regression analyses revealed that the KSP Socialization scale, the KSP Anxiety-proneness and Psychopathy factors were the most important predictors. Subjects with psychopathy differed from remaining groups by having more conduct disorders before 15 years, being more often brought up in outcasted families and less subjected to measures of pupil welfare activities. The life history was concluded to be important influencing occupational performance and life satisfaction. Subjects with high anxiety proneness should be given attention in treatment planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 59, no 5, 357-364 p.
Keyword [en]
Forensic occupational therapy, Life satisfaction, Mentally disordered offenders, Occupational performance, Personality traits
National Category
Psychiatry Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-93858DOI: 10.1080/08039480500320082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-93858DiVA: diva2:167479
Available from: 2005-12-16 Created: 2005-12-16 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Daily Occupations in Mentally Disordered Offenders in Sweden: Exploring Occupational Performance and Social Participating
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Daily Occupations in Mentally Disordered Offenders in Sweden: Exploring Occupational Performance and Social Participating
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The major aim was to explore perceived daily occupations in mentally disordered offenders (MDO) through occupational performance (OP) and social participation (SP) with descriptive, comparative and longitudinal designs. The 74 consecutively included MDOs were visited onsite for data collection. The following assessments were used: Capability to Perform Daily Occupation, Self-efficacy Scale, Importance scale, Allen Cognitive Level Screen, Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life, Psycho/social and Environmental Problems, Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, assessment of Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments and Karolinska Scales of Personality. Background factors were assembled from the individual forensic psychiatric investigation. The results indicate that MDOs had contradictive problems in OP, SP and lack of disability awareness. The MDOs and professionals had different appraisals of the MDOs’ OP and SP. Schizophrenic MDOs need substantial support for community dwelling. MDOs with psychopathic personality traits had more problems during upbringing, however, no perceived problems in OP and SP compared to the remaining group. Low Socialization, high Anxiety and psychopathy personality traits partially influenced perceived OP and SP. After one year of forensic psychiatric care, 60 % were still hospitalized and 32 % were community dwelling. Changes after one year of care consisted of higher satisfaction of OP and SP, 1/36 subject valued daily occupations higher and 5/36 subjects reported better social interaction. Although, there are some methodological weaknesses in this thesis (e.g. high attrition rate), the unique results should be taken into consideration. It is concluded that MDOs’ appraisal of their own capability has to be taken seriously in treatment and care. Also long treatment periods, targeting daily occupations from start and providing substantial individual support are necessary for successful transition into community dwelling for MDOs. This thesis contributes to extended knowledge of the MDOs’ daily occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, 2006. 68 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 93
Keyword
Caring sciences, forensic psychiatry, offender, occupational therapy, treatment planning, longitudinal, Vårdvetenskap
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6231 (URN)91-554-6423-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-01-13, Auditorium Minus, Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-12-16 Created: 2005-12-16 Last updated: 2010-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Lindstedt, HelenaSöderlund, Anne

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