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Crystal structures of a poplar xyloglucan endotransglycosylase reveal details of transglycosylation acceptor binding
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology.
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2004 In: Plant Cell, Vol. 16, no 4, 874-886 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 16, no 4, 874-886 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94231OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94231DiVA: diva2:168013
Available from: 2006-04-12 Created: 2006-04-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Structural Studies of a Xyloglucan Endotransglycosylase from Populus tremula x tremuloides and Three Conserved Hypothetical Proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural Studies of a Xyloglucan Endotransglycosylase from Populus tremula x tremuloides and Three Conserved Hypothetical Proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes the structural studies of four different proteins from two organisms. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylases, XETs, are involved in plant cell wall expansion and remodeling by splitting and reconnecting xyloglucan-cellulose crosslinks. The first crystal structure of a XET enzyme has been determined to 1.8 Å. The structure provides insights into how XETs are able to bind a heavily branched xyloglucan sugar, as well as hints about the XET-transglycosylation mechanism.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the cause of enormous human mortality each year. Despite the sequencing of the complete Mtb-genome, the biological function of a large fraction of the M. tuberculosis proteins is still unknown. We here report the crystal structures of three such proteins, Rv2740, Rv0216 and Rv0130. Rv2740 forms a Cystatin α+b fold with a deep active site pocket similar to a limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase from Rhodococcus erythropolis. However, in contrast to the small limonene-based substrate of the Rhodococcus enzyme, Rv2740 is able to degrade large fatty acid and sterol epoxides, giving suggestions for the physiological substrates of this enzyme.

The structure of M. tuberculosis Rv0216 exhibits a so-called double hotdog fold. Rv0216 shows similarity to a number of enzymes using thiol esters as substrates, including several R-enoyl hydratases and β-hydroxyacyl dehydratases. However, only parts of the hydratase / dehydratase catalytic site are conserved in Rv0216. Rv0130 in contrast, contains a highly conserved R-hydratase motif, housed in a dimer of two single hotdog folded molecules. This active site is situated in a long tunnel, formed by a sharp kink in the Rv0130 central helix. A number of previously predicted single / double hotdog folded proteins from M. tuberculosis seem to feature a similar substrate-binding tunnel, indicating that Rv0130 as well as some of these proteins, might act on long fatty enoyl chains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. 69 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 162
Keyword
Cell and molecular biology, xyloglucan endotransglycosylase, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, epoxide hydrolase, fatty acid metabolism, fatty acid oxidation, crystallography, Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6738 (URN)91-554-6513-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-05-05, Room B41, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:00
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Available from: 2006-04-12 Created: 2006-04-12Bibliographically approved

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