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Recruiment in the field of Balanus improvisus and Mytilus edulis in response to the antifouling cyclopeptides barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin from the marine sponge Geodia barretti
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
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2004 (English)In: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, Vol. 20, no 6, 291-297 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this field investigation the two cyclopeptides, isolated from the marine sponge Geodia barretti Bowerbank (Geodiidae, Astrophorida), are shown to be very efficient in preventing recruitment of the barnacle Balanus improvisus (Cirripedia, Crustacea) and the blue mussel Mytilis edulis (Protobranchia, Lamellibranchia) when included in different marine paints. These brominated cyclopeptides, named barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin were incorporated in different non-toxic coatings. The substances were used in the concentrations 0.1 and 0.01% in all treatments. The most efficient paint was a SPC polymer. This paint, in combination with barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin, reduced the recruitment of B. improvisus by 89% (barettin, 0.1%) and by 67% (8,9-dihydrobarettin, 0.1%) as compared to control panels. For M. edulis, the reduction of recruitment was 81% with barettin (0.1%) and 72% with 8,9-dihydrobarettin (0.1%) included in the SPC paint. This indicates that the two compounds from G. barretti could provide non-toxic alternatives as additives in antifouling paints, since the heavy metal-based marine paints are to be replaced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 20, no 6, 291-297 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94326DOI: 10.1080/08927010400027027PubMedID: 15804713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94326DiVA: diva2:168140
Available from: 2006-04-19 Created: 2006-04-19 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bioactive Compounds from the Marine Sponge Geodia barretti: Characterization, Antifouling Activity and Molecular Targets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioactive Compounds from the Marine Sponge Geodia barretti: Characterization, Antifouling Activity and Molecular Targets
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The marine sponge Geodia barretti produces a range of secondary metabolites. Two of these compounds were isolated and elucidated guided by their ability to inhibit settlement of cypris larvae of the barnacle Balanus improvisus. The compounds barettin (cyclo-[(6-bromo-8-en-tryptophan)-arginine]) as E/Z mixture and 8,9-dihydrobarettin (cyclo-[6-bromo-tryptophan)-arginine]) were determined by using mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance and quantitative amino acid analysis.The bioactivity of these brominated dipeptides is in the range of antifouling substances used today: EC50 values of 0.9 µM (barettin) and 7.9 µM (8,9-dihydrobarettin). The compounds were successfully synthesised and then tested in a field experiment to evaluate their antifouling properties. The compounds were incorporated in four different commerical, non-toxic marine coatings. The concentrations of the compounds were 0.1 and 0.01% (w/w) and coated panels were exposed to field conditions for eight weeks. The experiment evaluated the effect of barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin on recruitment of the barnacle B. improvisus and the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (major Swedish foulers). The most efficient paint was a SPC polymer, for which the reduction of recruitment of B. improvisus was 89% with barettin (0.1%) and 61% with 8,9-dihydrobarettin (0.1%). For M. edulis the reduction of recruitment was 81% with barettin (0.1%) and 72% with 8,9-dihydrobarettin (0.1%) with the same SPC paint. Furthermore, 14 analogs of barettin and dipodazine were synthesised and tested for their ability to inhibit larval settlement. Two of the analogs have a barettin scaffold and twelve have a dipodazine scaffold. Six of the analogs displayed significant settlement inhibition with the most potent inhibitor being benzo[g]dipodazine (EC50 value 0.034 µM). The effect of benzo[g]dipodazine was also shown to be reversible. Finally, an investigation of the mode of action was performed on 5-HT receptors. Barettin demonstrated a specific affinity to 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C and 5-HT4, while 8,9-dihydrobarettin interacted only with 5-HT2C of the receptor subtypes tested (5-HT1-5-HT7).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. 57 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 32
Keyword
Pharmacognosy, Geodia barretti, barettin, secondary metabolites, settling inhibition, Balanus improvisus, analogs, 5-HT, Farmakognosi
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6797 (URN)91-554-6534-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-05-11, C10:305, BMC, Box 574, 75123, Uppsala, 09:30
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Available from: 2006-04-19 Created: 2006-04-19Bibliographically approved

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