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Glycaemic and insulin responses of six traditional Sudanese carbohydrate-rich meals in subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
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Article in journal (Refereed) Published
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94370DiVA: diva2:168197
Available from: 2006-05-04 Created: 2006-05-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Clinical and Biochemical Features of Adult Diabetes Mellitus in Sudan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical and Biochemical Features of Adult Diabetes Mellitus in Sudan
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among the Sudanese population is linked to obesity, poor glycaemic control and a high rate of complications. This study investigated 1/ Leptin hormone and its correlations with different biochemical characteristics in Sudanese diabetic subjects, 2/ The impact of glycaemic control on pregnancy outcome in pregnancies with diabetes, 3/ The glycaemic response to Sudanese traditional carbohydrate foods, 4/ The influence of glucose self-monitoring on the glycaemic control among this population, 5/ The health related quality of life in Sudanese subjects with diabetes-related lower limb amputation.

Leptin was significantly lower in diabetic subjects compared with controls of same BMI in both females (P =0.0001) and males (P =0.019). In diabetic subjects, serum leptin correlated positively with the homeostatic assessment (HOMA) of both beta-cell function (P =0.018) and insulin resistance (P =.038). In controls, leptin correlated only with insulin resistance. Pregnancy complications were higher among diabetic compared with control women (P<0.0001) and varied with the type of diabetes. Infants of diabetic mothers had a higher incidence of neonatal complications than those of non-diabetic women (P<0.0001). In six Sudanese traditional carbohydrate meals over all differences in incremental AUCs were significant for both plasma glucose (P = 0.0092) and insulin (P = 0.0001). Millet porridge and wheat pancakes displayed significantly lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses, whereas maize porridge induced a higher post-prandial glucose and insulin response. In type 2 diabetic subjects SMBG or SMUG was not related to glycaemic control. In type 1 diabetic subjects, SMBG was significantly associated with better glycaemic control, as assessed by HbA1c (P=0.02) and blood glucose at clinic visits (P=<0.0001), similar associations were found for SMUG respectively. Neither glycaemic control nor glucose self-monitoring was associated with education level. Diabetic subjects with LLA had significantly poorer HRQL compared to a reference diabetic group (P=<0.0001). Duration of diabetes and amputation had negative impact on HRQL in subjects with LLA (P=<0.0001) respectively. Diabetic subjects with LLA had decreased sense of coherence and high presence of symptoms. Improving health services at the primary level is important to reduce the complications and burden of disease in the Sudanese population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. 47 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 144
Medicine, diabetes mellitus, leptin, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, perinatal morbidity and mortality, carbohydrate rich-meals, self-monitoring, quality of life, sense of coherence, lower limb amputation, Sudan, Medicin
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-6816 (URN)91-554-6542-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-05-22, Robergsalen, Building 40, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2006-05-04 Created: 2006-05-04Bibliographically approved

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