Carboxypeptidase E in the mouse placenta
2006 (English)In: Differentiation, ISSN 0301-4681, E-ISSN 1432-0436, Vol. 74, no 9-10, 648-660 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) has important functions in processing of endocrine pro-peptides, such as pro-insulin, pro-opiomelanocortin, or pro-gonadotropin-releasing hormone, as evidenced by the hyperpro-insulinemia, obesity, and sterility of Cpe mutant mice. Down-regulation of Cpe in enlarged placentas of interspecific hybrid (interspecies hybrid placental dysplasia (IHPD)) and cloned mice suggested that reduced CPE enzyme and receptor activity could underlie abnormal placental phenotypes. In this study, we have explored the role of Cpe in murine placentation by determining its expression at various stages of gestation, and by phenotypic analysis of Cpe mutant placentas. Our results show that Cpe and Carboxypeptidase D (Cpd), another carboxypeptidase with a very similar function, are strictly co-localized in the mouse placenta from late mid-gestation to term. We also show that absence of CPE causes a sporadic but striking placental phenotype characterized by an increase in giant and glycogen cell numbers and giant cell hypertrophy. Microarray-based transcriptional pro. ling of Cpe mutant placentas identified only a very small number of genes with altered expression, including Dtprp, which belongs to the prolactin gene family. Concordant deregulation of Cpe and Cpd in abnormal placentas of interspecies hybrids before the onset of IHPD phenotype and recapitulation of some phenotypes of IHPD hyperplastic placentas in Cpe mutant placentas suggests that these two genes are causally involved in IHPD and may function as speciation genes in the genus Mus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 74, no 9-10, 648-660 p.
interspecies hybrid placental dysplasia, Cpe, Cpd, fat mutation, trophoblast giant cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94491DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-0436.2006.00093.xISI: 000242657200016PubMedID: 17177860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94491DiVA: diva2:168357