Metabolic abnormalities in patients with normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism detected at a population-based screening
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0804-4643, E-ISSN 1479-683X, Vol. 155, no 1, 33-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and also primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT)are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic abnormalities in mild pHPThave been reported, but never in cases with normal calcium and high parathyroid hormone (PTH)levels, i.e. suffering from ‘normocalcemic pHPT’. Our aim was to explore the occurrence of thesemetabolic abnormalities in individuals with normocalcemic pHPT identified in a population-basedscreening, and the effects of parathyroidectomy vs conservative treatment on metabolic variables.Design and methods: A population-based screening of 5202 post-menopausal women identified 30patients with normal calcium, inappropriately high PTH and normal creatinine. A 5-year follow-upincluded 15 parathyroidectomized (PTx) and nine conservatively followed cases, in a non-randomizedsetting, together with age-matched controls. Biochemical variables and body mass index (BMI) wereinvestigated.Results: At study entry, cases had higher calcium, PTH, glucose, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/highdensitylipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-cholesterol, total triglycerides,and BMI compared to controls (PZ!0.0001–0.035). The cases had a lower HDL-cholesterolvalue (PZ0.013) and one third of the cases had hypertriglyceridemia. During follow-up, the PTx casesdecreased in calcium, PTH, LDL/HDL-cholesterol, total and LDL-cholesterol (PZ0.0076–0.022).Investigated biochemical variables remained adverse in conservatively followed cases during follow-upexcept a decreased LDL-cholesterol value. All surgically treated patients had parathyroid adenoma.Conclusions: Cases with normocalcemic pHPT have increased proatherogenic lipoprotein levels, BMIand glucose levels compared to age-matched controls. Parathyroidectomy has positive effects on someof these variables and reverses them to the same level as the controls, while conservative treatmentfails to normalize the investigated metabolic variables.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 155, no 1, 33-39 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94537DOI: 10.1530/eje.1.02173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94537DiVA: diva2:168415