Regional cerebral saturation monitoring with near-infrared spectroscopy during selective antegrade cerebral perfusion: diagnostic performance and relationship to postoperative stroke
2006 (English)In: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, ISSN 0022-5223, Vol. 131, no 2, 371-379 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation monitoring during hypothermic selective antegrade cerebral perfusion in surgery involving the aortic arch can predict neurologic sequelae and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring in this setting.
METHODS: Data from 46 consecutive patients were analyzed. Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion was established by perfusion of the right subclavian artery (with or without left carotid artery perfusion) or by separate concomitant perfusion of the innominate and the left carotid arteries. The bilateral regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation index was monitored by using near-infrared spectroscopy equipment (INVOS 4100). Stroke was the primary clinical end point, along with the indices of diagnostic performance.
RESULTS: Six patients died in the hospital, and 6 patients (13%) experienced a perioperative stroke. In patients with stroke, regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation values were significantly lower during selective antegrade cerebral perfusion, and regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation tended to be lower in the affected hemisphere. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the area under the curve for relative regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation values ranged from 0.72 to 0.87. During selective antegrade cerebral perfusion, regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation between 76% and 86% of baseline had a sensitivity up to 83% and a specificity up to 94% in identifying individuals with stroke. The associated odds ratio for stroke was 5.6 (95% confidence interval, 0.5-144) to 21 (95% confidence interval, 1.8-566).
CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring of regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation by using near-infrared spectroscopy during selective antegrade cerebral perfusion allows detection of clinically important cerebral desaturation. It can help predict perioperative neurologic sequelae. Its performance as a diagnostic instrument is satisfying and supports its use as a noninvasive trend monitor of cerebral saturation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 131, no 2, 371-379 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94552DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2005.08.068PubMedID: 16434267OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94552DiVA: diva2:168434