"Walking in the Spirit": The Complexity of Belonging in Two Pentecostal Churches in Durban, South Africa
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Drawing on anthropological fieldwork carried out in the two Pentecostal congregations Red Hill and Olive Tree in Durban, South Africa, this dissertation discusses the complexity of the experience of belonging among the members. Red Hill is a ‘coloured’ congregation, while Olive Tree is ‘white’; a fact that in present-day South Africa still is of significance for the experience of belonging. With a phenomenological perspective on belonging, the dissertation discusses the aspects of home-making, balance and control, and emphasises how the experience of belonging includes both a temporal and a spatial dimension, as well as experiences of fear and hope.
The following aspects of belonging are discussed: the experience of living in apartheid South Africa as a ‘coloured’ and ‘white’ and how these experiences continue to affect individuals; the conversion experience as an experience of ‘coming home’, existentially and socially through the belonging to a congregation; gendered aspects of the belonging experience in the context of the two congregations; different ways that the Pentecostal conviction are manifested in local and global social work and outreach; how the interpretation of ‘Israel’ works as a symbol of home-coming and belonging, though invoked in different ways in the two congregations. Inherent to these various experiences of belonging are power dynamics at different levels. These aspects point to the experience of belonging as an intersubjective experience that empowers both the individual and the collective.
While the future is often stressed in the Pentecostal discourse and in much of the literature on Pentecostalism, this dissertation suggests the importance of taking past experiences into account when trying to understand how Pentecostalism manifests itself.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi , 2006. , 292 p.
Dissertations and documents in cultural anthropology : DICA, ISSN 1653-0543 ; 7
Cultural anthropology, Pentecostalism, phenomenology, belonging, South Africa, time, space, home, gender, hope, fear, balance, control, apartheid, anthropology of religion
Research subject Cultural Anthropology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7096ISBN: 91-506-1892-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-7096DiVA: diva2:168706
2006-09-30, Erik Gustaf Geijersalen, Engelska parken, Humanistiskt centrum, Thunbergsvägen 3 H, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
van Dijk, Rijk, Dhr Dr.
Alvarsson, Jan-Åke, DocentHagborg, Lars, Fil dr