A nondestructive method for discriminating MOX fuel from LEU fuel for safeguards purposes
2006 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 33, no 9, 766-773 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Plutonium-rich mixed oxide fuel (MOX) is increasingly used in thermal reactors. However, spent MOX fuel could be a potential source of nuclear weapons material and a safeguards issue is therefore to determine whether a spent nuclear fuel assembly is of MOX type or of LEU (Low Enriched Uranium) type.
In this paper, we present theoretical and experimental results of a study that aims to investigate the possibilities of using gamma-ray spectroscopy to determine whether a nuclear fuel assembly is of MOX or of LEU type.
Simulations with the computer code ORIGEN-ARP have been performed where LEU and MOX fuel types with varying enrichment and burnup as well as different irradiation histories have been modelled. The simulations indicate that the fuel type determination may be achieved by using the intensity ratio Cs-134/Eu-154.
An experimental study of MOX fuel of 14 x 14 PWR type and LEU fuel of both 15 x 15 and 17 x 17 type is also reported in this paper. The outcome of the experimental study support the conclusion that MOX fuel may be discriminated from LEU fuel by measuring the suggested isotopic ratio.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 33, no 9, 766-773 p.
Research subject Applied Nuclear Physics; Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94789DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2006.04.006ISI: 000239532900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94789DiVA: diva2:168771