Simultaneous assessment of lipid classes and bile acids in human intestinal fluid by solid-phase extraction and HPLC methods
2007 (English)In: Journal of Lipid Research, ISSN 0022-2275, E-ISSN 1539-7262, Vol. 48, no 1, 242-251 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a method for the determination of lipid classes in intestinal fluids, including bile acids (BAs). A solid-phase extraction (SPE) method using C18 and silica columns for the separation of BAs, phospholipids (PLs), and neutral lipids (NLs), including free fatty acids, has been developed and validated. Fed-state small intestinal fluid collected from humans was treated with orlistat to inhibit lipolysis and mixed with acetic acid and methanol before SPE to maximize lipid recoveries. BAs, PLs, and NLs were isolated using lipophilic and polar solvents to promote elution from the SPE columns. The different lipid classes were subsequently analyzed using three separately optimized HPLC methods with evaporative light-scattering detectors. High recoveries (>90%) of all lipids evaluated were observed, with low coefficients of variation (<5%). The HPLC methods developed were highly reproducible and allowed baseline separation of nearly all lipid classes investigated. In conclusion, these methods provide a means of lipid class analysis of NLs, PLs, and BAs in human fed-state small intestinal fluid, with potential use in other fluids from the intestinal tract and animals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 48, no 1, 242-251 p.
solid-phase extraction, high-performance liquid chromatography, evaporative light scattering, neutral lipids, phospholipids
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-94994DOI: 10.1194/jlr.D600035-JLR200ISI: 000243130000026PubMedID: 17062898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-94994DiVA: diva2:169038