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Effects of family history and personal experience of illness on inclination to change health related behavior
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95017DiVA: diva2:169068
Available from: 2006-10-27 Created: 2006-10-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Predicting Health Behaviour – Population-Based Studies of Knowledge and Behaviour Related to Cardiovascular Diseases
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predicting Health Behaviour – Population-Based Studies of Knowledge and Behaviour Related to Cardiovascular Diseases
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim was to study factors that affect behaviour related to CVD (cardiovascular diseases). Study I tested whether gender, education and so-cioeconomic status correlated to knowledge about risk factors, and Study II studied knowledge and risk behaviour from a national perspective (Sweden versus Poland). Furthermore, Study III examined whether obese people dif-fered from people of normal weight regarding knowledge about risk factors, and Study IV examined whether risk behaviour is affected by personal ex-perience of illness and family history of CVD.

The studies are population-based with cross-sectional design. Data were obtained by questionnaires and by screening results of risk factors related to CVD. The studies were carried out among 50-year old men and women in Västmanland, Sweden (n=1011) and in Wroclaw, Poland (n=1043).

The results show that women are more knowledgeable than men about the risk factors for CVD, and that low education is associated with insufficient knowledge about CVD (Study I). The discrepancy between knowledge and behaviour was greater among the Poles than it was among the Swedes (Study II). Obese individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with a normal weight regarding knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors when education was controlled for (Study III). Individuals with a personal experience of illness may be more inclined to change smoking behaviour than the average person (Study IV).

In conclusion, knowledge about risk factors for CVD varies with education, gender and, to a certain degree, nationality. However, knowledge does not only consist of the conditions of behaviour change. The results in the thesis substantiate theories suggesting that change in risk behaviour is a process over time. Predictors of risk behaviours on the individual level as well as national level are of importance, and needs to be considered in the every day practice of health care professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. 74 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 186
Keyword
Public health, Population-based study, knowledge about risk factors, CVD, predicting behaviour, family history, experience of illness, obesity, comparison Sweden - Poland, stage of change, health belief model, Folkhälsomedicin
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7200 (URN)91-554-6689-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-11-18, Alfa, Mälardalens Högskola, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-10-27 Created: 2006-10-27Bibliographically approved

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