Re-evaluation of focal depths and source mechanisms of selected earthquakes in the Afar depression
2006 (English)In: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 167, no 1, 297-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present a stepwise inversion procedure to assess the focal depth and model earthquake source complexity of seven moderate-sized earthquakes (6.2 > M-w > 5.1) that occurred in the Afar depression and the surrounding region. The Afar depression is a region of highly extended and intruded lithosphere, and zones of incipient seafloor spreading. A time-domain inversion of full moment tensor was performed to model direct P and SH waves of teleseismic data. Waveform inversion of the selected events estimated focal depths in the range of 17-22 km, deeper than previously published results. This suggests that the brittle-ductile transition zone beneath parts of the Afar depression extends more than 22 km. The effect of near-source velocity structure on the moment tensor elements was also investigated and was found to respond little to the models considered. Synthetic tests indicate that the size of the estimated, non-physical, non-isotropic source component is rather sensitive to incorrect depth estimation. The dominant double couple part of the moment tensor solutions for most of the events indicates that their occurrence is mainly due to shearing. Parameters associated with source directivity (rupture velocity and azimuth) were also investigated. Re-evaluation of the analysed events shows predominantly normal faulting consistent with the relative plate motions in the region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 167, no 1, 297-308 p.
Afar depression, body waves, Danakil microplate, fault-plane solutions, focal depth, waveform analysis
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95147DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03091.xISI: 000240919900021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95147DiVA: diva2:169247