Tc-99m-NC100668, a new tracer for imaging venous thromboemboli: pre-clinical biodistribution and incorporation into plasma clots in vivo and in vitro
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, E-ISSN 1619-7089, Vol. 33, no 11, 1258-1265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: Tc-99m-NC100668 is a new radiotracer being developed to aid the diagnosis of thromboembolism. The structure of NC100668 is similar to a region of human alpha(2)-antiplasmin, which is a substrate for factor XIIIa (FXIIIa). The purpose of this study was to confirm the uptake of Tc-99m-NC100668 into forming plasma clot and to establish the biodistribution of Tc-99m-NC100668 in Wistar rats.
Methods: The in vitro plasma clot uptake of Tc-99m-NC100668 and other compounds with known affinities to FXIIIa was measured using a plasma clot assay. The biodistribution and blood clot uptake of radioactivity of Tc-99m-NC100668 in normal Wistar rats and those bearing experimentally induced deep vein thrombi were investigated.
Results: The in vitro uptake of Tc-99m-NC100668 was greater than that for [C-14] dansyl cadaverine, a known substrate of FXIIIa in the plasma clot assay. The biodistribution of Tc-99m-NC100668 in male and female Wistar rats up to 24 h p.i. showed that radioactivity was rapidly excreted, predominantly into the urine, with very little background tissue retention. In vivo the uptake and retention of Tc-99m-NC100668 into the blood clot was greater than could be accounted for by non-specific accumulation of the radiotracer within the blood clot.
Conclusion: Tc-99m-NC100668 was retained by plasma clots in vitro and blood clots in vivo. No significant tissue retention which could interfere with the ability to image thrombi in vivo was observed. This evidence suggests that Tc-99m-NC100668 might be useful in the detection of thromboembolism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 33, no 11, 1258-1265 p.
biodistribution, molecular imaging, Tc-99m-NC100668, thrombus
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95163DOI: 10.1007/s00259-006-0091-9ISI: 000241522600003PubMedID: 16804686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95163DiVA: diva2:169271