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Influence of the metal in Me-DLC materials on the formation of low-friction sulfide tribofilms
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95227DiVA: diva2:169357
Available from: 2006-11-23 Created: 2006-11-23 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On the Formation of Low-Friction Tribofilms in Me-DLC – Steel Sliding Contacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Formation of Low-Friction Tribofilms in Me-DLC – Steel Sliding Contacts
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis thoroughly treats a special friction reduction phenomenon that may appear in boundary lubricated tribological contacts, of the type encountered in numerous mechanical components made of steel. The phenomenon involves the formation of a special type of tribofilm that offers very low coefficients of friction. Typically the friction level becomes halved when the film is formed, compared to when it is not formed. Since boundary lubricated mechanical components are so common in all sorts of machinery, the technical and economical potential of this phenomenon is gigantic.

The tribofilm is produced on the steel surface, resulting in friction coefficient reduction from typically 0.08–0.1 to 0.04–0.06. The tribofilm is formed from the metal in the carbon coating and sulfur in the oil additive. The main film studied was WS2, which is a well-known low-friction material. It includes easy shearing atomic planes, in the same fashion as the solid lubricants MoS2 and graphite. Virtually no carbon is present in the tribofilm, despite carbon being the main constituent of both the coating and the additive. No films form on the Me-DLC coated part.

It was also found that WSi2-particles could result in the formation of WS2-containing tribofilms. It was concluded that they, just as the W-DLC film, were sufficiently weak to mill down to very small particles, and chemically reactive in the prevailing tribological conditions. However, WC particles were too stable, both mechanically and chemically, to result in any film formation.

The chemical driving forces for formation of the tribofilms were analyzed using EkviCalc, a commercial software for thermodynamical calculations based on minimization of Gibbs free energy for a system as a function of temperature and pressure. The simulations indeed confirmed that both WS2 and MoS2 should be expected to be stable compounds, coexisting with FeS, in the studied environment. As a spin-off result, the thermodynamical calculations indicated that coatings of the Cr-C type should impose very little tribochemical wear of the uncoated steel surface, and even reduce the forma-tion of FeS (the “traditional” tribofilm) on the steel surface in S-containing environments.

As a final spin-off, the thermodynamical calculations indicate that the Ti-C coating should be very resistant to tribochemical wear in the S-containing environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. 50 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 247
Materials science, tribofilms, tribochemistry, boundary-lubrication, ESCA, Materialvetenskap
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7369 (URN)91-554-6743-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-12-15, Häggsalen, The Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen, Uppsala, 10:00
Available from: 2006-11-23 Created: 2006-11-23Bibliographically approved

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