The Origin and number of introductions of the Hawaiian endemic Silene species (Caryophyllaceae)
2007 (English)In: American Journal of Botany, ISSN 0002-9122, E-ISSN 0032-0919, Vol. 94, no 2, 210-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Hawaiian endemic Silene are a small group of woody or semiwoody representatives from a large, predominantly herbaceous, species-rich genus. We here investigated the origin and number of introductions of the endemic Hawaiian Silene based on phylogenetic relationships inferred from DNA sequences from both the plastid (the rps16 intron) and the nuclear (ribosomal internal transcribed sequences, ITS, and intron 23 of the RPB2 gene) genomes. Silene antirrhina, a widespread weedy American annual, is strongly supported as sister to a monophyletic group consisting of the Hawaiian Silene, indicating a single colonization event. There are no obvious morphological similarities between S. antirrhina and any of the species of Hawaiian Silene. Our results suggest an American origin for the Hawaiian endemics because that would require only a single trans-ocean dispersal. Two of the Hawaiian endemics (S. struthioloides and S. hawaiiensis) that form a subclade in the analyses have evolved woodiness after introduction to the Hawaiian Islands. Our results contribute to other recent results based on molecular phylogenetics that emphasize the American continent as a source area for the Hawaiian flora and support a striking morphological radiation and evolution of woodiness from a single introduction to the archipelago.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 94, no 2, 210-218 p.
Caryophyllaceae, Hawaiian Silene, ITS, phylogeny, RPB2, rps16, Silene antirrhina, woodiness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95251DOI: 10.3732/ajb.94.2.210ISI: 000244241800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95251DiVA: diva2:169391