Respiratory symptoms, asthma and allergen levels in schools: comparison between Korea and Sweden
2007 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 17, no 2, 122-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We studied reports on respiratory symptoms, asthma and atopic sensitisation in relation to allergen contamination in Korean schools and compared with data from a previous Swedish study performed in eight primary schools. Korean pupils (n = 2365) in 12 primary schools first completed a questionnaire. Then airborne and settled dust were collected from 34 classrooms and analyzed for allergens by ELISA. In both countries, boys reported more symptoms. The prevalence of wheeze was similar, while daytime [odds ratio (OR) = 14.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 9.0–21.9] and nocturnal breathlessness (OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.5–6.4) were much higher among Korean students. In Korean schools, dog allergen (Can f 1) was the most common followed by mite allergen (Der f 1), while cat (Fel d 1), dog, and horse allergen (Equ cx) were abundant in Sweden. Moreover, CO2 levels were high in most Korean schools (range 907–4113 ppm). There was an association between allergen levels in dust and air samples, and number of pet-keepers in the classrooms. In conclusion, allergen contamination in Korean schools may be an important public issue.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 17, no 2, 122-129 p.
Asthma, Allergy, Furry pet allergen, House dust-mite allergen (Der p 1/f 1), school-pupil
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95270DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0668.2006.00460.xISI: 000245155700004PubMedID: 17391234OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95270DiVA: diva2:169426