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Relation problems in internationally adopted juvenile delinquents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Barnendokrinologisk forskning/Gustafsson)
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2007 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 112, no 1, 105-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Internationally adopted delinquents are overrepresented in juvenile Swedish institutions. With the purpose of investigating possible reasons for this overrepresentation, this study compared adopted delinquent adolescents and internationally adopted controls in the structure and functioning of their current relations, especially with their parents. Methods: Internationally adopted adolescents admitted to institutional care (N=20) and non-delinquent internationally adopted controls (N=21) were compared through: a questionnaire; "family relations", a subscale in I think I am; "Family climate" ( from Karolinska Scale of Personality); Individual Schedule of Social Interaction; and an Attachment Test. Results: Bad relations with adoptive parents were more prevalent in internationally adopted delinquents compared to internationally adopted controls. Furthermore, the adopted delinquents and their parents blamed each other for the problems and the adopted delinquents reported physical and emotional abuse. Conclusions: Internationally adopted delinquents reported more problems in their relationships to their parents than adopted controls did.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 112, no 1, 105-121 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95296ISI: 000253451900010PubMedID: 17578813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95296DiVA: diva2:169458
Available from: 2006-12-21 Created: 2006-12-21 Last updated: 2015-02-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Overrepresentation of Internationally Adopted Adolescents in Swedish §12-institutions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overrepresentation of Internationally Adopted Adolescents in Swedish §12-institutions
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In order to study internationally adopted delinquents, internationally adopted controls, delinquent controls and an additional group of healthy non-adopted, non-delinquent controls, the following tests were used: WISC/WAIS, TOL, WCST, a questionnaire, I think I am, ISSI, an attachment test, KSP, and SCL-90. In the register study, data were obtained from the registers of The National Board of Health and Welfare and Statistics Sweden and multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression models. Odds ratios (OR) for different forms of out-of-home care placements were calculated.

It was found that the adopted delinquents had a significantly lower full scale IQ (WISC/WAIS) and significantly lower results on several measurements in the WISC /WAIS compared to the adopted controls. In addition, both groups of adoptees scored low in the WISC/WAIS subscale arithmetics when compared to the population mean. The adopted delinquents clearly had disruptive and infectious relations to their parents which was demonstrated in I think I am, ISSI, the attachment test and the questionnaire. The adopted controls demonstrated good relations to adoptive parents. When personality and self-perception were measured and analyzed in a two-way ANOVA, the results clearly pointed to ”delinquency” as the explaining factor to the variance of the results as opposed to ”adoption”.

Finally, the regression analyses of the register data demonstrated an OR of 3.0 (after adjustments for age and sex) for placements of intercountry adoptees in residental care from age 10 and an OR of 5.1 in model 2 (after adjustments for socio-demographic background variables). More over, higher child age at adoption, origin from Latin America, single parent adoption and maternal age above 35 at birth of the child were identified as significant predictors of out-of-home care from age 10.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. 73 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 213
Psychology, transnational adoption, international adoption, intercountry adoption, intelligence, adolescent, delinquent, neuropsychological, cognitive, attachment, relations, adoptive parents, personality, self-perception, residential care, foster care, Psykologi
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7423 (URN)91-554-6763-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-01-12, Rosénsalen, Barnsjukhuset, Akademiska Sjukhuset, ing. 95/96, nbv, 751 85, Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2006-12-21 Created: 2006-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Proos, Lemm A.Tuvemo, Torsten
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