Suramin-Restricted Blood Volume in the Placenta of Normal and Diabetic Rats is Normalized by Vitamin E Treatment
2007 (English)In: Placenta, ISSN 0143-4004, E-ISSN 1532-3102, Vol. 28, no 5-6, 505-515 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previously maternal and fetal alterations resembling human pre-eclampsia were induced in pregnant rats by injections of the angiogenesis inhibitor Suramin. These alterations were aggravated by maternal diabetes and partly rectified by vitamin E supplementation. In the present study we evaluated the morphology of placentae and kidneys in this model. Non-diabetic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic pregnant rats of two rat strains (U and H) were treated with Suramin or saline, and given standard or vitamin E-enriched food. On gestational day 20 one placenta and the left kidney of the mother were collected for morphological and stereological analysis. In the placental trophospongium Suramin treatment caused cysts, which were further enhanced by maternal diabetes. Vitamin E treatment had no effect on the vacuolization. In the placental labyrinth of the non-diabetic rats Suramin treatment restricted maternal placental blood volume and increased the interface between maternal and fetal circulation. These changes were reversed by vitamin E treatment. Diabetes increased slightly the interface between the circulations in both rat strains. Suramin treatment decreased the interface, and vitamin E further decreased the interface in the diabetic U rats, whereas neither treatment affected the maternal-fetal interface in the diabetic H rats. The kidneys of Suramin-treated and diabetic rats were heavier compared to controls. Suramin treatment and maternal diabetes damaged renal glomeruli to a similar extent. Vitamin E treatment diminished the Suramin- and diabetes-induced glomerular damage in U rats, but not in H rats. The average cell count per glomerulus was decreased by Suramin in the U rats. Vitamin E treatment did not affect cell number per glomerulus in any group. We conclude that Suramin-injected pregnant rats constitute a valid animal model for placental dysfunction and pre-eclampsia, also from the histological perspective. The present work supports the notion that one important effect of untreated maternal diabetes may be impaired placentation, leading to oxidative stress, morphological damage, and compromised placental function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 28, no 5-6, 505-515 p.
Placenta, Kidney, Suramin, Morphology, Diabetes, Vitamin E, Experimental pre-eclampsia, Rat
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95575DOI: 10.1016/j.placenta.2006.06.015ISI: 000246449700018PubMedID: 16920189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95575DiVA: diva2:169850