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Early enteral nutrition in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
2002 In: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, Vol. 21, no 4, 303-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 21, no 4, 303-307 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95644DiVA: diva2:169943
Available from: 2007-03-29 Created: 2007-03-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Nutrition in Elderly Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nutrition in Elderly Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many elderly undergo cardiac surgery. The prevalence of malnutrition in elderly is high and increases with comorbidity. This thesis aims to clarify some aspects on performing surgery in elderly concerning nutritional status, nutritional treatment and age-related physiology.

Study I: 886 patients were assessed preoperatively by body mass index (BMI) and S-albumin and postoperatively for mortality and morbidity.. Low BMI increased the relative hazard for death and low S-albumin increased the risk for infection. BMI and S-albumin are useful in preoperative evaluations

Study II: we followed energy intake in 31 patients for five postoperative days. Scheduled and unscheduled surgery did not differ in preoperative resting energy expenditure (REE). REE increased by 10-12% postoperatively, more in unscheduled CABG. Nutritional supplementation increased total energy intake. All patients exhibited postoperative energy deficits, less prominent in the supplemented group. There were no differences in protein synthesis or muscle degradation.

Study III: in 16 patients, .we measured stress hormones and insulin resistance before surgery and for five postoperative days Patients were insulin resistant on the first two days. We saw no clearly adverse or beneficial effects of oral carbohydrate on insulin resistance or stress hormone response.

Study IV: 73 patients, with early enteral nutrition (EN), were observed until discharge or resumed oral nutrition. EN started within three days in most patients. In a minority, problems occurred (gastric residual volumes, tube dislocation, vomiting, diarrhoea, aspiration pneumonia). In the cardiothoracic ICU individually adjusted early EN is feasible.

Study V: in 16 patients, splanchnic blood flow (SBF) enhancing treatments (dopexamine (Dpx) or EN) were compared. Dpx increased systemic blood flow, but had only a transient effect on SBF. EN had no effect on systemic blood flow or SBF. Neither Dpx, EN or the combined treatment, exhibited any difference between groups on systemic or splanchnic VO2 or oxygen extraction ratio.

53 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 245
Anaesthesiology and intensive care, elderly, nutrition, CABG, cardiac surgery, outcome, insulin resistance, enteral nutrition, splanchnic blood flow, BMI, albumin, 3-methylhistidine, alfa-1-antitrypsin, Anestesiologi och intensivvård
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7774 (URN)978-91-554-6842-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-04-20, Hedstrandsalen, Entrance 70, Akademiska sjukhuset, 75185 Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2007-03-29 Created: 2007-03-29Bibliographically approved

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