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A mechanistic study of the formation of mesoporous structures from in situ AC conductivity measurements
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
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2007 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 23, no 19, 9875-9881 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this work is to study the kinetics of self-assembly in the formation mechanism of anionic templated mesoporous solids (AMS-n) during die first few seconds of the synthesis as well as to demonstrate the use of alternating ion current (AIC) conductivity measurements to follow the self-assembly in complex hybrid systems. The formation of different AMS-n caged-type mesostructures through the delayed addition of the silica source is demonstrated and explained in terms of the interaction between the co-structure-directing agent (CSDA) and the oppositely charged surfactant headgroup regions. Our findings, supported by transmission electron microscopy, 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, and powder X-ray diffraction suggest that the interaction of the CSDA with the surfactant headgroup occurs within seconds after its addition to the synthesis gel leading to interaction between the polymerizing CSDAs and the oppositely charged micelle and to an increase in the micelle-CSDA aggregate size. Both DLS and AIC measurements agree that this process occurs within the first 1000 s after addition of the CSDA to the synthesis gel at room temperature. In addition to the mechanistic study it was found that the intermediate materials are comprised of a three-layer entity. Time-dependent 29Si MAS NMR studies reveal that an organo-silica layer forms around the micelles prior to a condensed outer inorganic shell of silica.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 23, no 19, 9875-9881 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95754DOI: 10.1021/1a700899sISI: 000249241300052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95754DiVA: diva2:170085
Available from: 2007-04-13 Created: 2007-04-13 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Drug Diffusion and Nano Excipient Formation Studied by Electrodynamic Methods
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drug Diffusion and Nano Excipient Formation Studied by Electrodynamic Methods
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

New smart drugs demand new smart drug delivery systems and also new smart analysis methods for the drug delivery process and material characterization. This thesis contributes to the field by introducing a new electrodynamic approach for studying the drug diffusion proc-esses as well as the formation of a new type of drug delivery systems, the so called mesoporous nano excipients.

Drug diffusion processes from different pharmaceutical materials were examined. The transport of charged drug substances was investigated by electrodynamic methods; either as a release process governed by diffusion using the alternating ionic current method or by applying a voltage, sinusoidal or dc, to force the drug ions to move in an electric field.

Temperature-dependent drug release from microcrystalline cellulose tablets was examined in order to extract information about the diffu-sion process. Percolation theory was also employed to binary mixtures of an insoluble and electrically insulating matrix material together with a soluble and ionic conducting drug. Further, dielectric spectros-copy was proven to be a powerful method for examining the state of vesicle formation of drug and surfactant molecules in a carbopol gel. Finally, a new potential class of pharmaceutical materials were exam-ined, namely the AMS-n mesoporous materials, showing that the al-ternating ionic current method is powerful both in the study of the synthesis of and in the release process from these.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. 73 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 293
Keyword
Functional materials, drug release, electrodynamic methods, diffusion, Funktionella material
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7818 (URN)978-91-554-6864-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-05-07, 2001, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:00
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Available from: 2007-04-13 Created: 2007-04-13 Last updated: 2015-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E.Brohede, UlrikaStrømme, Maria

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