Innovating in Cluster/Cluster as Innovation: The Case of the Biotechvalley Cluster Initiative
2009 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 17, no 11, 1625-1643 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It has been noted that innovation seems to take place to a higher degree in clusters than elsewhere and we have lately seen a worldwide wave of emerging cluster initiatives and similar innovation policy projects. Some of these are realistic efforts based on existing regional strengths and partly existing cluster structures. Most, however, are grasping at straws. The latter is especially true when it comes to technologies such as IT and biotech. We could subsequently add a new label -"pathetic clusters" -to the already existing list of embryonic, emerging, world-class or stagnating clusters. But what do we make of such "pathetic clusters" (are they really pathetic)? Although economic geographers often tend to explain innovation (competitiveness) by looking at cluster dynamics, in such accounts, the cluster concept itself can actually function as an innovation, imposing similar effects on the economy as more familiar types of innovation would, i.e. by creating a local competitive edge. It is reasonable to believe that if "pathetic clusters" play important roles in regional economies, then they do so in the form of social and organizational innovations rather than as Porterian drivers of innovation and industrial dynamics on a large scale. This function of the cluster concept-as a local innovation-is the focus of the paper at hand.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 17, no 11, 1625-1643 p.
Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95778DOI: 10.1080/09654310903230558ISI: 000270137500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95778DiVA: diva2:170116