Social capital and inequality in health between single and couple parents in Sweden
2007 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 35, no 6, 609-617 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: To study whether social capital is associated with health among parents and if so, whether existing inequalities in health between single and couple parents could be better understood by introducing social capital as a possible mechanism for how health is distributed.
Material and methods: At total of 2,500 parents with children in the age range of 4-16 years were randomized from existing national registers and asked to participate in a nationally distributed postal questionnaire; 1,589 parents participated (277 single and 1,312 couple), giving a response rate of 64%. The questionnaire contained questions regarding sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, self-rated health, emotional and instrumental social support, civic and social participation, and trust. Social capital was measured by different levels of civic and social participation and trust. A multivariate analysis was used in order to find possible associations between social capital and health, when adjusted for social support, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics.
Results: A low level of social capital (both social participation and trust), when adjusted for social support, socioeconomic and sociodemographic variables, was clearly and positively associated with less than good self-rated health. Social capital was unevenly distributed between single and couple mothers.
Conclusions: Social capital is positively associated with self-rated health, at an individual level. The uneven distribution of social capital between single and couple mothers may be of some importance when trying to further understand and possibly alter the inequality in health that exists between single and couple parents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 6, 609-617 p.
Inequality, self-rated health, single parent, social capital
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95949DOI: 10.1080/14034940701362806ISI: 000251150300008PubMedID: 17852994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95949DiVA: diva2:170338