Risk prediction in chest pain patients by biochemical markers including estimates of renal function
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 128, no 2, 207-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Early risk stratification of patients with chest pain may be improved by combining cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) results and ECG findings with markers of left-ventricular dysfunction, inflammation or renal function. Methods: Serial measurements of cTnI were prospectively performed in 452 chest pain patients with a non-diagnostic ECG for AMI and admitted to the coronary care unit. NT-pro BNP, CRP, cystatin C and creatinine-clearance were retrospectively analyzed in admission samples. The prognostic value of these markers alone and in different combinations together with ECG findings was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression models. Results: During follow-up, 14 deaths and 21 myocardial (re)-infarctions occurred. Independent predictors for the combined endpoint of death or (re)-infarction were peak cTnI ≥0.1 μg/L within 24 h (OR 3.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]1.5-10.4), cystatin C ≥1.28 mg/L (OR 5.6; 95% CI 1.9-16.3) and NT-pro BNP ≥550 ng/L (OR 2.7; 95% CI 1.0-7.3). At 2 h from admission, a combination of cTnI ≥0.1 μg/L, an abnormal ECG and NT-pro BNP or cystatin C as a third variable resulted in a similar stratification of patients to different risk groups. Conclusion: cTnI, NT-pro BNP and cystatin C are strong risk predictors in patients with chest pain. For pragmatic reasons, a combination of cTnI ≥0.1 μg/L, ECG findings and a marker of renal function, preferably cystatin C, appears to be most appropriate for early risk stratification of these patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 128, no 2, 207-213 p.
Chest pain, Risk stratification, Troponin, Cystatin C
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96037DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.04.096ISI: 000257950500010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96037DiVA: diva2:170453