Persistent cardiac troponin I elevation in stabilized patients after an episode of acute coronary syndrome predicts long-term mortality
2007 (English)In: Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, E-ISSN 1524-4539, Vol. 116, no 17, 1907-1914 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND - In patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, any troponin elevation is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular events. However, the prevalence and prognostic importance of persistent troponin elevation in stabilized patients after an episode of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome are unknown and were therefore assessed in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS - Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) was measured in 1092 stabilized patients at 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months after enrollment in the FRagmin and Fast Revascularization during InStability in Coronary artery disease (FRISC-II) trial. cTnI was analyzed with the Access AccuTnI assay with the application of different prognostic cutoffs. Outcomes were assessed through 5 years. Elevated cTnI levels >0.01 μg/L were found in 48% of the study patients at 6 weeks, in 36% at 6 months, and in 26% at all 3 measurements. cTnI elevation was associated with increased age and other cardiovascular high-risk features. The lowest tested cTnI cutoff (0.01 μg/L) was prognostically most useful and was independently predictive of mortality (hazard ratio, 2.1 [95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 3.3]; P=0.001) on multivariable analysis adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors and randomization to an invasive versus noninvasive treatment strategy, whereas it was related to myocardial infarction only on univariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS - Persistent minor cTnI elevation can be detected frequently in patients stabilized after an episode of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome with the use of a sensitive assay. Elevated cTnI levels >0.01 μg/L predict mortality during long-term follow-up. Our results emphasize the importance of further troponin testing in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients after hospital discharge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 116, no 17, 1907-1914 p.
Coronary disease, Prognosis, Troponin
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96038DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.708529ISI: 000250517900009PubMedID: 17909103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96038DiVA: diva2:170454