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Competing Exchange Interactions in Magnetic Multilayers
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
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2006 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 96, 057205- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have studied alloying of the nonmagnetic spacer layer with a magnetic material as a method of tuning the interlayer coupling in magnetic multilayers. We have specifically studied the Fe/V(100) system by alloying the spacer V with various amounts of Fe. For some Fe concentrations in the spacer, it is possible to create a competition between antiferromagnetic Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida exchange and direct ferromagnetic exchange coupling. The exchange coupling and transport properties for a large span of systems with different spacer concentrations and thicknesses were calculated and measured experimentally and good agreement between observations and theory was observed. A reduction in magnetoresistance of about 50% was observed close to the switchover from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic coupling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 96, 057205- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96086DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.057205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96086DiVA: diva2:170548
Available from: 2007-09-03 Created: 2007-09-03 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Spin Dynamics and Magnetic Multilayers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spin Dynamics and Magnetic Multilayers
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Theoretical studies based on first-principles theory are presented for a number of different magnetic systems. The first part of the thesis concerns spin dynamics and the second part concerns properties of magnetic multilayers. The theoretical treatment is based on electronic structure calculations performed by means of density functional theory.

A method is developed for simulating atomistic spin dynamics at finite temperatures, which is based on solving the equations of motion for the atomic spins by means of Langevin dynamics. The method relies on a mapping of the interatomic exchange interactions from density functional theory to a Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Simulations are performed for various magnetic systems and processes beyond the reach of conventional micromagnetism. As an example, magnetization dynamics in the limit of large magnetic and anisotropy fields is explored. Moreover, the method is applied to studying the dynamics of systems with complex atomic order such as the diluted magnetic semiconductor MnGaAs and the spin glass alloy CuMn. The method is also applied to a Fe thin film and a Fe/Cr/Fe trilayer system, where the limits of ultrafast switching are explored. Current induced magnetization dynamics is investigated by calculating the current induced spin-transfer torque by means of density functional theory combined with the relaxation time approximation and semi-classical Boltzmann theory. The current induced torque is calculated for the helical spin-density waves in Er and fcc Fe, where the current is found to promote a rigid rotation of the magnetic order.

Properties of magnetic multilayers composed of magnetic and nonmagnetic layers are investigated by means of the Korringa-Kohn-Rostocker interface Green's function method. Multilayer properties such as magnetic moments, interlayer exchange coupling and ordering temperatures are calculated and compared with experiments, with focus on understanding the influence of interface quality. Moreover, the influence on the interlayer exchange coupling of alloying the nonmagnetic spacer layers with small amounts of a magnetic impurity is investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. x, 74 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 326
Physics, magnetism, electronic structure, density functional theory, spin dynamics, spin-transfer torque, spin-density wave, multilayer, interface structure, Fysik
National Category
Physical Sciences
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8168 (URN)978-91-554-6944-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-09-21, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2007-09-03 Created: 2007-09-03 Last updated: 2012-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Skubic, BjörnIusan, DianaEriksson, OlleHjörvarsson, BjörgvinNordblad, Per
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