Facilitation in an insect pollinated herb with a floral display dimorphism
2006 (English)In: Ecology, ISSN 0012-9658, E-ISSN 1939-9170, Vol. 87, no 8, 2113-2117 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Population context should influence pollination success and selection on. oral display in animal-pollinated plants because attraction of pollinators depends not only on the characteristics of individual plants, but also on the attractiveness of co-occurring conspecifics. The insect-pollinated herb Primula farinosa is polymorphic for inflorescence height. Natural populations may include both long-scaped plants, which present their flowers well above the soil surface, and short-scaped plants, with their flowers positioned close to the ground. We experimentally tested whether seed production in short-scaped P. farinosa varied with local morph frequency and surrounding vegetation height. In tall vegetation, short-scaped plants in polymorphic populations produced more fruit and tended to produce more seeds than short-scaped plants did in monomorphic populations. In low vegetation, population composition did not significantly affect fruit and seed output of short-scaped plants. The results suggest that long-scaped plants facilitate short-scaped plants in terms of pollinator attraction and that the facilitation effect is contingent on the height of the surrounding vegetation. The documented facilitation should contribute to the maintenance of the scape length polymorphism in ungrazed areas where litter accumulates and vegetation grows tall.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 87, no 8, 2113-2117 p.
alternative reproductive strategies, facilitation, floral display, plant height, pollination, positive interactions, predation, Primula farinosa
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96192ISI: 000239833400028PubMedID: 16937650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96192DiVA: diva2:170686