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Is doctors' ability to identify cancer patients' worry and wish for information related to doctors' self-efficacy with regard to communicating about difficult matters?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 15, no 4, 371-378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims were to investigate whether: (A) doctors' ability to identify patients' worry about prognosis/wish for information about disease and treatment is related to doctors' self-efficacy with regard to communicating about difficult matters and patients' satisfaction with a consultation/hope to live a good life in spite of the disease; and (B) patients and doctors agree on how much worry/wish for information a patient experiences/wishes. Sixty-nine patients with carcinoid and 11 doctors participated. Ability to identify worry/wish for information was estimated by posing questions to doctors/patients concerning how much worry/information a patient experienced/wished during a consultation. Doctors' self-efficacy was measured by nine questions, patients' satisfaction and hope by two questions. When doctors show good ability to identify wish for information, they report higher self-efficacy (t = 3.5, d.f. = 67, P < 0.001) than when they show less good ability. Patients finding the consultation very satisfying meet doctors reporting higher self-efficacy than patients finding the consultation satisfying (t = 2.26, d.f. = 65, P < 0.05). Doctors fail to identify patients who report less worry/wish more information than the average patient. The findings underscore the importance of further enhancing doctors' self-efficacy with regard to communicating about difficult matters and ability to identify patients who are less worried/wish more information than the average patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 15, no 4, 371-378 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, doctors, information, patients, self-efficacy, worry
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96314DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2354.2006.00670.xISI: 000240367300009PubMedID: 16968320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96314DiVA: diva2:170847
Available from: 2007-10-18 Created: 2007-10-18 Last updated: 2011-06-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cancer Patients’ Satisfaction with Doctors’ Care: Consequences and Contributing Conditions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cancer Patients’ Satisfaction with Doctors’ Care: Consequences and Contributing Conditions
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main aims were to: explore whether there is a relation between doctors’ ability to identify patients’ worry and wish for information and self-efficacy with regard to communicating with patients about difficult matters; describe which cues doctors consider when estimating patients’ worry and wish for information, and investigate whether there is a relation between patients’ satisfaction with doctors’ care and patients’ psychosocial function.

Eleven doctors and 69 patients (of which 36 patients participated in the longitudinal study) with carcinoid tumours participated. Doctors’ self-efficacy, and ability to identify patients’ worry/wish for information were investigated at patients’ first admission. Doctors were interviewed about which cues they considered when estimating patients worry/wish for information. Patients’ satisfaction with care (CASC SF 4.0) and psychosocial function (EORTC QLQ-C30, HADS) were measured longitudinally, during the first year after diagnosis.

Doctors reported higher self-efficacy when showing good ability to identify patients’ wish for information, than when showing less good ability, overestimated patients’ worry and underestimated patients’ wish for information. Doctors considered patients’ verbal behaviour and body language together with knowledge and experience when estimating patients worry and wish for information. Patients who met doctors showing good ability to identify their wish for information, reported a higher cognitive function than patients who met doctors showing less good ability. At all assessments patients expressed high satisfaction with doctor’ care and patients’ satisfaction did not change over time. Patients’ satisfaction with doctors’ care were related to their psychosocial function shortly after the first three admissions to specialist care. Patients with carcinoid tumours in some respects reported a worse HRQoL than the general Swedish population. Fatigue, diarrhoea, limited possibilities to work/pursue daily activities, and worry that the illness will get worse were among the most prevalent, and worst, aspects of disease- and treatment related distress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. 63 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 280
Keyword
Caring sciences, Carcinoid tumours, Doctor, Worry, Information, Satisfaction with doctors’ care, Psychosocial function, Self-efficacy, Vårdvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8267 (URN)978-91-554-6993-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-11-09, Skoogsalen, Onkologiska kliniken, Akademiska sjukhuset ing 78, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-10-18 Created: 2007-10-18 Last updated: 2009-05-20Bibliographically approved

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