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The role of gender identification in social dominance orientation: Mediating or moderating the effect of sex?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0021-9029, E-ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 39, no 4, 999-1012 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that people's gender identification correlates with their social dominance orientation (SDO). A question is whether gender identification mediates or moderates the effect of biological sex on SDO. We examined the correlations of sex and gender identification with SDO using the Bem Sex Role Inventory in Study 1 and a gender diagnostic measure in Study 2. Both studies showed that gender identification was significantly associated with SDO. In Study 1, gender identification partially mediated the effect of sex on SDO; and in Study 2, this mediation was complete. There were no indications that gender identification moderated the effect of sex on SDO. The results are discussed against the background of the gender invariance hypothesis of SDO.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 39, no 4, 999-1012 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-96352DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00469.xISI: 000265076200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-96352DiVA: diva2:170900
Available from: 2007-11-14 Created: 2007-11-14 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social Hierarchies, Prejudice, and Discrimination
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Hierarchies, Prejudice, and Discrimination
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is based on three papers where I examine some aspects of ethnic and gender-based prejudice and discrimination in hierarchical situations. In Paper I, the existence of ethnic hierarchies in Sweden is explored. Both immigrant and ethnic Swedes were asked to report their social distance to a number of ethnic groups represented in their geographical area. The results showed that hierarchies exist in Swedish environments and that they are connected with both ethnic prejudice and participants’ tendency to promote and support hierarchies, as expressed in their scores on social dominance orientation (SDO). In Paper II, based on Weiner’s attribution theory, ethnic and gender discrimination in social sanctions (help and punishment) were examined together with SDO in two studies. The results showed that discrimination in line with societal discrimination of subordinated groups was also displayed in the present experimental groups and that participant’s SDO is a factor behind the tendency to discriminate subordinate groups. Paper III examined sex differences in SDO in two studies. One of the strongest factors behind SDO is participant’s sex. Gender identification was tested as a mediator of the effect of sex on SDO. The results from two studies showed that the sex difference in SDO was partially or completely mediated by gender identification. The influence of SDO on formation of hierarchies and discrimination as well as its sex and gender aspects are further discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. 54 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 32
Keyword
Social Psychology, Social dominance orientation, Prejudice, Discrimination, Ethnicity, Gender
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-8282 (URN)978-91-554-7013-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-12-07, sal X, universitetshuset, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-11-14 Created: 2007-11-14Bibliographically approved

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